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. Compare English ( Jon Locke ) and French ( Rousseau ) social contract theories. 3. Compare the French presidential system to the American presidential system. 4. What is the Russian concept of “The Third Rome,” and why is this important today? 5. What are the causes of Moderator or Institutional military coups d’ etat?

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Begin by selecting one of the four articles below from the South University Online Library:

Once you select an article you will write a short, two- to five-page essay using APA format. Please review the grading rubric before embarking on your paper. Your paper should fulfill all requirements of the grading rubric and answer the following questions:

  • What is the social problem the researchers are investigating?
  • What is the research method (survey, participant observation, experiment, secondary sources, or interviews) used by the researchers?
  • What were the results or findings of the research?
  • What do you think would be a good solution to the social problem?

As always, remember to use APA format for the essay style, in-text citations, and in the listing of your sources on the reference page. Please refer to the Academic Resources page in the Course Home for resources on writing in APA style.

Submit your essay (written in 12-point font) describing your application project

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What do you think will be the issues that will influence the key skill requirements for the next 5 to 10 years. Use examples from a selected industry and/or company of your choice to highlight the points you are making.

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Write one paragraph for each of the following three topics. The entire assignment consists of three paragraphs and should fit in less than one page
1. Why is Capaneus (Inferno 14) so important in understanding the psychology of the sinners in hell?

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PLEASE DO NOT COPY AND PASTE ANY OF THIS ARTICLE

 

 

PART II: Essay

 

Provide an essay of one half to one page in length summarizing Gardiner’s article, which was assigned as supplemental reading his week.

 

 

THIS IS THE ARTICLE

 

Most moral dilemmas in medicine are analysed using the four principles with some consideration of consequentialism but these frameworks have limitations. It is not always clear how to judge which consequences are best. When principles conflict it is not always easy to decide which should dominate. They also do not take account of the importance of the emotional element of human experience. Virtue ethics is a framework that focuses on the character of the moral agent rather than the rightness of an action. In considering the relationships, emotional sensitivities, and motivations that are unique to human society it provides a fuller ethical analysis and encourages more flexible and creative solutions than principlism or consequentialism alone. Two different moral dilemmas are analysed using virtue ethics in order to illustrate how it can enhance our approach to ethics in medicine.

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I am not a philosopher. Neither am I an experienced ethicist. I am, rather, a general practitioner (GP), who deals with moral issues and dilemmas every day of my working life. These range from the daily awareness of distributive justice as I sign every prescription, to discussing and balancing the complex issues involved in choices made by patients with terminal disease. I find many of these situations challenging and some quite perplexing.

This is why I decided to study medical ethics at Imperial College London (ICL), where I was privileged not only to meet Professor Raanan Gillon but to be taught by him as well.

When I qualified as a GP in 1984, I had experienced no formal ethical teaching or training at all. By 1994 when I prepared to sit my Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) membership exam I was delighted to find that ethical teaching was firmly on the GP educational agenda. In general practice training, young doctors are raised on the four principles! This approach was initially developed in the United States by Beauchamp and Childress (1); but has been widely and enthusiastically advocated in the UK by Professor Gillon. (2-4) Although there is some mention of the consequentialist approach, it is the four principles that win the day as a universally acceptable and practical way of considering moral issues. For non-philosophers it is an attractive prospect, when faced with an ethical difficulty, to have some simple, intelligible, and applicable guiding principles against which to measure any moral problem.

I am now an examiner for the RCGP membership exam and expect all candidates to not only be conversant with the four principles but also to be able to apply them appropriately. It is a tremendous credit to Professor Gillon that he has been such an effective mover and shaper of ethical understanding and judgment in British general practice.

During my studies at ICL I was introduced to a number of ethical frameworks and approaches, some of which were completely new to me. My understanding of moral reasoning grew considerably, but one approach captivated me and, I shall argue, adds a unique and essential dimension to ethical considerations.

VIRTUE ETHICS

Virtue ethics resonates with my experience of life in which the nature of our character is of fundamental importance. Ethical principles that tell us what action to take do not take into account the nature of the moral agent. Although we must make moral decisions with much care and consideration, I do not consider it wise to strip this process of affect or attitude and focus on reason alone. Humans are sophisticated creatures with an ability to reason that is tempered by our emotional reactions. These reactions are an integral part of how we perceive and assess the world around us but they also influence our judgments. Virtue ethics recognises this important component of our moral experience. It explores how moral agents can learn by habitual practise how to develop good characteristics that will enable us to behave well. I found it a refreshing and exciting discovery that the character of the moral agent could be of pivotal importance.

I shall briefly explain the fundamental concepts of virtue ethics in order to then demonstrate how such an approach can be used when considering two different medical ethical problems.

Virtue ethics began with the ancient Greek philosophers Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. They searched for the elements that made a person good but in so doing they did not look at how a person acted but at what sort of character he had. They suggested that a good person who behaves well must develop virtues, which, through habitual use, become part of that person’s character.

The virtues

So what is a virtue? Perhaps the most useful definition is that offered by Rachels, who suggests that a virtue is “a trait of character, manifested in habitual action, that it is good for a person to have”. (5)

Aristotle believed that a virtue lay in the middle of two contrary vices and described it as “the mean by reference to two vices: the one of excess and the other of deficiency”. (6) Courage–for example, lies between foolhardiness and cowardice. Compassion lies between callousness and indulgence.

There is no comprehensive list of virtues. The cardinal virtues expounded by ancient Greek philosophers are courage, prudence, temperance, and justice. The theological virtues, faith, hope, and charity are not widely explored in secular moral philosophy although Toon has reviewed them in a medical context and shows them to be very useful. (7) Beauchamp and Childress have considered five virtues applicable to the medical practitioner: trustworthiness, integrity, discernment, compassion, and conscientiousness (see reference 1, pp 32-8). Other modern philosophers have listed up to 24 possible virtues although some could be argued to be social rather than moral virtues. (8)

Philosophers may, in time, distil the growing list down to those that are essential and of core importance in order that humans may thrive.

The meaning of life!

Aristotle believed that the purpose of human existence is to achieve a state of eudaemonia, which is a difficult word to translate. “Happiness” is too superficial and subjective. We may feel happy if we satisfy our desires but this is no guarantee of any enduring contentment. To be eudaemon is rather to have the sort of happiness that is deep, lasting, and worth having. It is a deeply rooted joy in the dynamic process of our lives. It is hard to find a single word to sum up this concept but the closest approximation is “flourishing”.

A human person flourishes and leads a good life when she fulfils the purpose and function of human beings. Philippa Foot encapsulated this wonderfully:

   Men and women need to be industrious and tenacious   of purpose not only so as to be able to house, clothe   and feed themselves, but also to pursue human ends   having to do with love and friendship. They need the   ability to form family ties, friendships and special   relations with neighbours. They also need codes of   conduct. And how could they have all these things   without virtues such as loyalty, fairness, kindness and in   certain circumstances obedience" (9)

The virtue ethicist has a deep understanding of the social and interpersonal nature of our human existence and how this can affect and be influenced by our moral behaviour.

The place of reason

Aristotle suggests that reason is the function unique to humans that sets them apart from all other living creatures. We have a capacity to make choices based on reason, which the most intelligent of higher order creatures do not appear to possess. Animals do not recognise ends as such and do not have the capacity for choosing to do something that will lead to a less good end when faced with two options (see reference 9, pp 25-51). It is by reasoning that a person determines how to act and feel in ways appropriate to a given circumstance. It is not sufficient to possess virtues; one must have the capacity to know when and how to exhibit them. Thus the virtuous person uses rationality (practical wisdom) to decide how to be.

In order to flourish, to be eudaemon, a person will possess virtues and exercise them with practical wisdom in order to make good choices in acting well. The virtues will become integral to her character and so become part of her flourishing, not just a means to that end. She will flourish as she makes virtuous choices and becomes wise, courageous, compassionate, and self controlled. (10) So the virtues benefit the possessor as they become deeply entrenched in a person’s character such that she deeply desires to behave well.

The role of emotion

For centuries moral philosophers have approached ethical dilemmas by stripping away emotional responses and trying to reason out a solution, but our feelings are fundamental to our human experience. Indeed those with little or no emotional response are considered abnormal, untrustworthy, wicked or frankly dangerous–for example, those with psychopathic personality disorders.

In order to do something we must first perceive that an action is necessary. We must observe what’s going on and recognise the morally pertinent aspects of the situation but ethical perception is not only a cognitive process. Emotional reactions make us sensitive to particular circumstances, and thus illuminate our perceptions. It is possible to perceive a situation dispassionately but we would then have an incomplete appreciation of the circumstances. Our emotions influence how and what we see and are necessary to register and record facts with resonance and depth. Equally what we see shapes how and what we feel. Thus perception and affect are closely intertwined in informing our choices. Undoubtedly our emotions need cultivating so that we learn towards whom, when, and to what degree we should express them. We need to exercise critical judgment when assessing and displaying our emotional responses. Emotions are not to be accepted as instinctive unmanageable reactions but as sensitivities that inform our judgments.

The role of motivation

The virtuous person perceives a situation, judges what is right, and wants to act accordingly because it is in her disposition to act well.

It is not sufficient to follow rules irrespective of internal attitudes, feelings, and reason. The virtuous moral agent has a deep desire to behave well. This contrasts with Kant’s view: he believed it was more virtuous to act well from duty even if one is not disposed to do so. (11) This may allow good action, but it does not encourage us to live well, and develop virtuous characteristics.

Imagine being visited in hospital by a friend; if the friend comes because she is compassionate, judges that it is the right thing to do and wants to visit, is this not more pleasing for you than if she comes purely because it is her duty? (12) Is she not a kinder and more compassionate person if she wants to make your day better by visiting you than if she comes because she ought to? Do these qualities not enrich our lives as social beings with special relationships?

Virtue ethics’s account of motivation surely sits well with human society in which we develop special bonds and alliances that encourage us to behave well out of friendship, love, and loyalty. It is these elements that bind communities together and it is the weakening of such commitments that are seen when communities begin to fragment.

THE CASES

Let me now turn to two different moral dilemmas. In one, a patient requests a course of action at variance with the professional judgment of his doctor. In the second I consider the moral implications of permitting individuals to sell kidneys. I shall show that by using a virtue ethics approach we can thoroughly examine the ethical difficulty that these cases present and can deduce a morally good plan of action. (13)

Case 1: The “standard” Jehovah’s Witness case

A competent adult patient loses a massive amount of blood from a blood vessel bleeding in an acute duodenal ulcer. The best chance of saving his life is an urgent blood transfusion along with operative intervention to arrest the bleeding. The patient refuses blood but asks for treatment instead with the best available non-blood products, and surgery, accepting the substantial risk that surgery without blood transfusion is much less likely to save his life than surgery with blood transfusion.

Background

Health care professionals are usually motivated to improve the wellbeing of their patients. In pursuing this end, they must balance their expert knowledge and understanding with the preferences of their patients, taking into consideration the means by which that person has made their choice and ensuring they themselves do not transgress any medical moral code.

Doctors are bound by professional codes of practice with a strong emphasis on doing good and saving lives. Despite the current ubiquitous nature of the four principles, it is curious that since the 4th century, the various codes of practice and oaths sworn by doctors declare a commitment to virtuous behaviour. (14-18)

   The main intention of medical oaths seems to be to   declare the core values of the profession and to   engender and strengthen the necessary resolve in   doctors to exemplify professional integrity, including   moral virtues such as compassion and honesty. (19)

Doctors in the 21st century are encouraged to work in partnership with their patients, informing, guiding, advising, and helping them to make appropriate choices about how to deal with their illness. These choices are typically adapted to suit individuals, taking into consideration such factors as their health beliefs, cultural background, and social situation. The patient is likely to be deeply influenced by their upbringing, their personal priorities, the community in which they live, or indeed their faith. These factors may well influence them to make a choice that is at variance with the professional judgment of their doctor. This can be challenging when a patient chooses to reject a doctor’s guidance–for example, refusing treatment, which the doctor knows may adversely affect her patient’s wellbeing. Doctors are trained how to tolerate such uncertainty and the risks involved but when such a decision might affect the survival of the patient, the moral burden for the doctor can be tremendous.

The patient

If the patient is deemed competent to make decisions about his health, he is therefore competent to make decisions about his spiritual faith.

It is wise and prudent to respect the faith that an individual has chosen to follow of his own free will and under no duress. In a multicultural society, disparate groups will live more contentedly together and will thrive if they not only tolerate each other’s differences but also respect each other. If they are able to seek commonality in their value systems they will deepen the important bonds of friendship and comradeship that bind their communities together.

As we have recognised, patients’ understanding and beliefs will influence the priority they give to options in managing their health. In this situation the patient has chosen to priorities what he believes is his eternal existence over that of his current physical health. He is prepared to take the risk that the might die in order to ensure, according to his own belief system, that he will have eternal life.

The doctor

The virtuous doctor examines the facts of the case, identifies her emotional response, which will illuminate and deepen her assessment of the situation, and considers the motivation of the patient and herself.

She may feel disappointment that her professional judgment is rejected, frustration that she cannot do her job as she would wish to, anxiety that the patient may die unnecessarily, and sorrow for the patient’s family who may experience the death of their beloved relative.

Some of the emotional reaction is caused by the effect the patient’s decision has in frustrating her professional purpose while some is a response to the possible outcome for the patient and his family.

Is she motivated to transfuse him to improve her productivity figures or does she genuinely want to help this individual patient find a solution to this particular predicament?

Is the patient motivated freely and sincerely by faith or is there an element of coercion from his religious community or indeed his family?

Having considered all these elements she then reflects on the virtues that would be most helpful in these circumstances.

Compassion is” … an active regard for another’s welfare with an imaginative awareness and emotional response of deep sympathy, tenderness and discomfort at another’s misfortune or suffering.” (1)

In being compassionate, the doctor would imagine what it must be like to be a person who is prepared to risk death because of the sincerity and devotion to their faith. She is likely to recognise the courage of her patient, which in turn may provoke feelings of respect and admiration.

Trustworthiness is one of the corner stones of doctorpatient relationships. Patients bring their deepest and most personal concerns and problems, allow the most intimate of examinations, and confide their private vulnerabilities. They rely on the moral character and competence of their doctor and must be able to trust that their doctor will behave well.

The patient in our example has disclosed his profound faith and how much that influences his decisions about his future, even in the face of this dramatic and life threatening event. He has trusted his doctor with an insight into a profoundly personal part of his being. It is incumbent on all health care professionals to hold this trust securely and respond to it by being trustworthy.

In this situation it is very unlikely that we will be able to persuade the patient to change his ideology at this stage. If the doctor overrides the patient’s request and imposes her medical solution upon him, the patient will have difficulty in trusting his doctor again and indeed may not trust the medical profession in the future.

Discernment brings sensitive insight, understanding, and wise judgment to the situation. A discerning doctor would identify the complex emotional elements of the case, would be able to weigh up her motivation to look after her patient’s health as effectively as possible with the motivation of the patient whose life is founded on and underpinned by his faith even if devotion to his ideology costs him his life. She is likely to conclude that the discerning doctor would, with regret, respect the patient’s wishes and not enforce a blood transfusion.

Regret: it is of importance to recognise the place of regret. Tragic dilemmas are typically very hard because there is a conflict in the principles being applied when trying to find a solution–for example, abortion in the case of rape. In much of the ethical literature there is a drive to find the correct solution, to try to decide which principles should take precedence or which consequences are preferable, After considerable debate, a course of action is chosen and is deemed to be the right thing to do. The moral agent need worry no more; they have done the right thing.

It is likely, however, that whatever actually happens, there will be regret for those involved; regret for what might have been, for the situation arising in the first place or for the undesirable effects of the action on those involved. Virtue ethics, because of its focus on the agent rather than the act, encourages moral agents to take account of and express the pain and regret they may experience when negotiating solutions to tragic dilemmas. It displays a sensitivity and concern that may go some way towards helping those who are experiencing it to come to terms with the situation. While consequentialists and deontologists do undoubtedly experience regret it would be an enhancing addition to their approach to express it more explicitly rather than focus entirely on the rightness of their action. (20)

Conclusion

In summary the virtue ethicist, after fully exploring the facts and considering the ethical sensitivities, would conclude that a compassionate, trustworthy, and discerning doctor would characteristically respect this patient’s’ wishes in this situation. This does not, however, amount to a rule.

One of the attractions of virtue ethics is the flexibility to assess each situation individually, searching for action guidance in considering what a characteristically virtuous person would do. This would be illuminated and informed by the relevant facts and individual ethical sensitivities of that circumstance. This allows and encourages creative solutions to very hard problems, which might be more difficult to find when applying rules and principles. If–for example, the adult patient in our case was a 19 year old born into a Jehovah’s Witness community who felt an obligation to make decisions based on his parents’ faith system while not truly believing it, the moral assessment might be quite different. The doctor may deduce that a different course of action would be virtuous.

Case 2: Selling kidneys for transplantation: should people be allowed to sell kidneys for transplantation? (13)

Kidney donation is a vital process whereby people with renal failure who suffer chronic invalidity can, after transplantation, be restored to reasonable health, a substantially better quality of life, and improved life expectancy. Most donated organs are cadaverous, given by relatives of individuals who have died but still have viable internal organs. The supply of such kidneys is not enough to provide for those patients who wait and, not infrequently, die of renal failure while on the transplant waiting list. Some kidneys are donated from living individuals who are usually relatives, close friends or, more rarely, willing volunteers. There is, nevertheless, a serious shortage of organs for transplantation. Permitting willing volunteers to sell a kidney could address this shortage but this suggestion raises serious ethical issues.

The need for donor organs

This is an important factor to consider as, in the absence of demand, kidney sales would be unnecessary. There are likely to be many citizens who are unaware that there is such a shortage of donor kidneys and have not considered the implications for those in renal failure and their relatives. Nor is it likely that all members of the general public have thought in any depth about the implications of donating their own organs should they die prematurely. A high profile campaign to educate ordinary people about the need for cadaver donation, with assurances about the rigorous requirements when defining time of death, is likely to considerably raise awareness. This could make a big impact on organ supplies. Enticing people to sell one of their own kidneys is an ineffective way of trying to increase that supply and has major implications for the donor.

The rights of the individual

It has been argued that as long as there are no unpleasant consequences for other people and as long as it does no harm, an individual has the autonomous right to do as he chooses with his own body, Forcing an action on an unwilling participant is not acceptable–for example, indecent exposure, assault, or rape but choosing to indulge in bungie jumping certainly is! Let us put aside the argument of rights, principles, or consequences, however, and approach this suggestion from a virtue ethics perspective.

What are the facts of the situation?

What is likely to be the situation of a person who would want to sell their kidney? To whom might they wish to sell? How much will they be paid? What safeguards are in place to protect the health of the donor and the recipient? What are the circumstances of donors and what dependants have they? Are donors psychologically and emotionally stable? Have they been subject to any duress? We require these facts to begin our analysis.

What emotions does such a proposal arouse?

Affect and cognition both contribute to our perception and must be considered together to achieve a comprehensive assessment. There is an instinctive distaste for the proposal that an individual should sell an irreplaceable part of his body thus compromising his future health. Why should this be? For most of us, life is precious and we desire a long, happy, and healthy existence. In order to do this, we must look after and maintain our bodies. There are very many people, however, who choose not to do so by selecting unhealthy lifestyles. They judge that the short term gain is worth the long term risk of poor health or premature death. Similarly, the potential donor may consider that money now is worth the risk of surgery, complications, or long term ill health. Indeed it takes considerable courage to take this risk.

Perhaps any distaste is influenced by wider factors. An industry trading in organs is likely to attract volunteers who have so much to gain from the payment that they are willing to take a substantial risk with their lives. In short they will probably be very poor or deprived. Surely a business such as this plays on the vulnerability of the poor and desperate. This situation generates feelings of sadness and pity for the deprived but also anger towards those who might make money from such a business. Those who are affluent and powerful could potentially profit financially from the despair of the underprivileged.

What are the likely motivations of the people involved?

The risks to the donor of the operation and consequent life with only one kidney are substantial and would not be considered lightly.

The potential donor may be motivated by compassion for his dependants and decide that his health is worth risking for the benefit now to his family.

While he may well have concern for the recipient, it is unlikely that this is the driving force behind his decision because if this was a commercial enterprise there is no assurance that donors and recipients would ever know of each other as individuals.

It is not a realistic proposal that a person would feel so moved to improve the plight of those in renal failure that he would offer his kidney for sale. Donating one kidney may help one person only and does nothing for the plight of the thousands who are in renal failure. It is most likely that any potential donor is motivated by the financial reward.

Those who are willing to buy kidneys from willing donors could be so touched by the plight of those in renal failure that they are prepared to set up a commercial business to increase the supply of available organs. It could be set up in a carefully regulated fashion to ensure high quality medical care and follow up for donors and recipients alike. We must not assume the only motivation is money although it is unlikely that anyone would set up such a business to run at a loss. Should there be financial gain this makes it a more attractive and viable proposition.

It could be argued that those who set up such a business do so because they want to help those who are disadvantaged in society by offering them a way of making money. I do not think we need dwell long on this suggestion, as this is in reality a very ineffective way of tackling deprivation. Should this be their motivation it would be more likely that they would try to provide for such deprived people without expecting them to take such huge health risks.

I suggest that anyone setting up such a business has not thought through carefully the impact on those who are poor and marginalised in society. Is it likely that people who are financially secure would take such risks with their lives? I propose that the only supply of donors is likely to come from those who are poor, marginalised, or oppressed. The poorer and more desperate the person, the more attractive would be the offer to buy his kidney.

Which virtues might guide our behaviour in such a difficult dilemma?

Where is the justice in a society where some people are so poor or deprived they are prepared to sell their bodies for whatever function, be it kidney donation or prostitution? We have recognised that humans are social animals who thrive in communities where they establish special bonds of love and friendship. Those who experience deprivation or starvation devote their time and energy to their survival and have little reserves left to contribute to their community. So, if a society is to flourish, all individuals must achieve some minimally decent standards of living. This will require the community to be fair in its approach to the vulnerable, ensuring they are protected from exploitation and have some basic security. The creative and just way forward in this particular predicament might be to protect the vulnerable from exploitation while developing innovative ways of improving the supply of kidneys donated after death.

The compassionate person would care deeply about the plight of the deprived and marginalised. Although there may be occasions when such people have chosen to opt out of society’s usual structure–for example, the homeless, travellers, or drug addicts, there is always some reason why they have done so, which stems from deprivation, whether that be economic, emotional, or social. Compassion would have us care so deeply that we would be moved to improve their situation.

The compassionate person would also care deeply about those with renal failure who need medical care and wait for suitable transplant opportunities. This must be balanced with the chronic suffering of the deprived but the two needs are not mutually exclusive. The virtuous moral agent would compassionately appreciate the desperation of both groups.

She would practise discernment in sensitively understanding those needs and using wise judgment to balance her compassion for those in renal failure and the deprived who may be enticed into selling organs. Having considered the facts, the emotional response, and the motivations of all concerned, she would look for creative solutions that might address the needs of both groups.

Rather than permitting sale of kidneys, society would flourish better if it ensured that the poor were adequately provided for, and that the supply of organs was actively pursued through education and promotion of cadaverous donation.

Conclusion

In summary the virtue ethicist would recognise the needs of both groups, would balance compassion for them both with the need to behave fairly towards all individuals, and would discern that there are creative ways of resolving the need for kidney donations and the needs of the disadvantaged. They would recognise the compelling arguments for protecting the vulnerable and would most certainly recommend that we do not behave well as a society if we permit the sale of kidneys for profit.

In these examples I have chosen a number of virtues that seem useful for my analysis. There may be others of relevance such as integrity, conscientiousness, or hope, which could be relevant in a more lengthy and detailed examination. There is no limit to which or how many virtues should or can be scrutinised but the prudent virtue ethicist would try to select those of greatest pertinence to a particular predicament.

THE PLACE OF VIRTUE ETHICS

When I began studying medical ethics I hoped I would learn the right answers to difficult moral dilemmas. I discovered to my disappointment but perhaps with some relief, that there are none! Instead, there are many different ways of approaching difficult moral dilemmas, which help to tease out justification for a particular course of action.

Consequentialists do what will produce the best consequences but debate revolves around how to define what is best. (21)

Deontologists adhere to correct moral principles but how are we to decide which are the right principles? Professor Gilion has extensively demonstrated that the four principles are acceptable to people from widely disparate cultures and religions? But when they conflict how do we prioritise and decide which takes precedence?

Virtue ethics has a number of advantages over the four principles:

* It recognises that emotions are an integral and important part of our moral perception.

* It considers the motivation of the agent to be of crucial importance. Decisions are anchored in the characteristic virtuous disposition of the moral agent who typically wants to behave well.

* As there are no rigid rules to be obeyed, it allows any choices to be adapted to the particulars of a situation and the people involved. Two people might both behave well when resolving the same situation in different ways.

* This flexibility encourages the pursuit of creative solutions to tragic dilemmas.

* Virtue ethicists recognise that tragic dilemmas can rarely be resolved to the complete satisfaction of all parties and that any conclusion is likely to leave some remainder of pain and regret.

I do not suggest that virtue ethics is an ethical framework that is superior to or replaces those of consquentialism and deontology. I do propose that it deeply enhances our approach to moral dilemmas. Is it possible that the virtues are the foundations of morally decent behaviour? If we develop secure foundations, by habitually practising virtuous characteristics such as honesty, discernment, courage, and integrity then a desire to fulfil our duties and obligations will follow naturally. The consequences of living a virtuous life are likely to be good as such behaviour contributes to the dynamic process of human flourishing.

Moral agents who develop virtuous characteristics by such habitual practice will find that their nature becomes the embodiment of the values that encourage human flourishing.

In the words of St Thomas Aquinas: “Virtue is that which makes its possessor good, and his work good likewise”. (22)

J Med Ethics 2003;29:297-302

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Incineration is termed as a thermal method of waste disposal which is applied in controlling the emission of volatile organic compounds especially in industries. This method involves burning the organic compounds in very high temperatures so that these compounds are converted into residue instead of being emitted to the environment as pollutants. The adsorption system for the control of volatile organic substances on the other hand is a method that uses absorbers such as carbon and zeolite which adsorbs the volatile compound within their inner surface to prevent them form reaching the environment as described by Opperman & Brown (2001). Moreover, the absorbers react chemically with the volatile organic substances hence they are able to hold the compounds more strongly to prevent them from being released to the atmosphere. Bio-filtration is a technology used to control emission of Volatile organic compounds by mineralizing the substances. According to Saxena & Samaddar (2010), bio-filters are used to control the release of harmful substances into the atmosphere. Each of these methods of VOC control has advantages and disadvantages as explained below.

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Evaluate your ability to distinguish scientific, philosophical, religious, and speculative aspects in Pre-Socratic thought as well as your your ability to identify and explain the main characteristics of scientific understanding in Pre-Socratic philosophy

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Content:
You will write an essay of 1-2 pages on some topic of interest to you related to the study of communication and conflict. This essay will reference at least 3 different sources. Those sources must include at least one book, one journal article, and one that is either a chapter in an edited book or an interview. In citing sources for this essay, you must use at least one direct quotation, one paraphrased reference, and one longer (inset) quotation.
Nuts and Bolts:
• All APA components for a normal essay are expected: Cover, Abstract, Text, & Bibliography.
• All APA source citation rules for using sources in a text will be evaluated.
• All APA guidelines for bibliography formatting and basic style will be evaluated.
The goal is for this small value paper to allow me to help you correct all major mistakes and make subsequent efforts stronger.

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Write a 500 word essay based on how technology, with particular emphasis on the internet and computers, has changed world culture. You might explore interaction between cultures, or you might wish to emphasize the evolution of some particular society. Conflicts between cultural values and materials available on the internet might also form a good basis for an essay.

Here’s a Google search string to get you started:

how the internet has changed world culture

Please note that essays do NOT require citations, nor do they require a works cited section.

Please keep in mind that this essay represents your opinions, so there are no right or wrong answers per se. For grading purposes, the key factors are the word count (500 required), correct submission in the appropriate format, and effective writing.

 

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Consider the Haitian medical mission videos that you have viewed in Modules 1-5 of this course. As you reflect on this natural disaster:
1. Propose one example of a nursing intervention related to the disaster from each of the following levels: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Provide innovative examples that have not been discussed by a previous student.
2. Under which phase of the disaster do the three proposed interventions fall? Explain why you chose that phase.
3. With what people or agencies would you work in facilitating the proposed interventions and why?

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Discuss three stereotypes you encounter in your own life and the effect those stereotypes can have on others. This can be a stereotype you realize you have been guilty of holding or someone else’s. Explain (a) what the stereotype is and (b) what sort of argument, no matter how flawed, might be used to support it, and (c) identify any mistakes you find in that argument.

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Smugar, S., Spina, B., & Merz, J. (2000, September).  Informed Consent for Emergency Contraception: Variability in Hospital Care of Rape Victims. American Journal of Public Health, 90(9), 1372-1376. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from Academic Search Premier database

 

 

 

 

 

 

    1. Read the assigned article, “Informed Consent for Emergency Contraception: Variability in Hospital Care of Rape Victims.”

 

    1. Review the Brownfield v. Daniel Freeman Marina Hospital case summary. (Below)

 

    1. Review Essay Requirements. (Below)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brownfield v. Daniel Freeman Marina Hospital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ascension Health (2007) Brownfield v. Daniel Freeman Marina Hospital. Retrieved November 28, 2008 from

 

 

 

http://www.ascensionhealth.org/ethics/public/cases/cases_AF.asp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In this 1989 federal appellate court case, the plaintiff was taken to Freeman Hospital’s emergency room after being raped. In response to the patient’s request for information about the morning-after pill, the hospital authorities refused to provide such information, believing that they could not, on the grounds that it was a Catholic hospital. Specifically, the hospital did not inform the patient that if she wanted such treatment it must be obtained within 72 hours to be effective. The court reasoned that a patient has the right to make her own decisions regarding treatment, and therefore, adequate disclosure of information must be provided so the patient can make an informed decision. The court concluded that a rape victim who is denied information about access to the morning-after pill may bring a medical malpractice action. This means that liability may arise if the patient can show: 1) that a skilled practitioner would have provided such information and access under similar circumstances; 2) that she would have elected such treatment; and 3) that “damages” (in this case, pregnancy) resulted from the failure to provide such information. In a footnote to its decision, the court indicated that “access” to such treatment could include transfer of the patient to another medical facility or another physician.

 

 

 

More critical for Catholic-sponsored hospitals, the court also reasoned that the morning-after pill constitutes the “prevention” rather the than “termination” of pregnancy. It therefore concluded that the conscience clause under the state’s abortion statute did not immunize the hospital from liability for failure to refuse to provide such information. However, since human life begins at conception (fertilization) and not merely after implantation of the embryo, the relevant moral question from the Catholic perspective is not whether or not there is a pregnancy, but whether or not there is another innocent human life to be respected. Those “contraceptive” measures that operate solely through the prevention of implantation are morally equivalent to abortions in Catholic moral theology, and are therefore impermissible under the Ethical and Religious Directives (both then and now). Nevertheless, the court did not accept this moral distinction as relevant for its ruling.

 

 

 

The court ruling itself stated that Catholic Hospitals have the responsibility “to provide information concerning, and access to, estrogen prophylaxis for rape victims.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Essay Requirements:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You are to complete a 1-2 page (12pt Times New Roman font, double spaced) issue analysis that answers the following questions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    1. What are the ethical considerations of this issue?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    1. What are the legal considerations of this issue?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    1. What ethical concepts and principles apply to this issue?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    1. If you were a judge in the Brownfield v. Daniel Freeman Marina Hospital case, would you agree with the other judge’s decisions? How would you justify this decision to the hospital or the rape victims?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your submission is to be a formal, multi-paragraphed essay. While citations and sources are not required for this paper, if you borrow any information as supporting details, they must be cited in proper APA format.

 

 

 

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i need compare and contrast essay with 700 words

 

i want to compare between english class and survy of art class

 

thesis : although survy of art class is a good way to get new experince, english class has more valuble experince like doing more homework, diffrent kind of activities in class and the number of students

 

body1: talk about doing many stufff as homework and to keep up to date with every details we took in class, in art class there is no hoomwork

 

body2: talk about different kind of activities like group work, class dicusion and group presentation, there is no like this stuff in survy of art

 

body 3 :talk about the number of students, it is important to be just few student and that help us to speake with the prof and argue but in survu of art class we just recieve information without arguing

 

and conclusion

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Analytical Reflection of one reading: Select “Sonny’s Blues” or “Everyday Use” ot “The Lesson.”

Re-read the work and do Notice and Note again. Then spend time considering your annotations and pomder further the connections and patterns ypu’ve found. Think about the “So What” of the readinf. Focus your assertion (Thesis Statement) about the piece on the “So What”

Write a m essay of 2-3 pages exploring your reflections on the meaning of the work – what the author is saying about the topics. Make sure you have a specific, throught provoking assertion as your statement. 

 

Note: You can find the stories in Internet but please do not copy anything fron Internet. 

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ABC Institute of Research has sensitive information that needs to be protected from its rivals. The Institute has collaborated with XYZ Inc. to research genetics. The information must be kept top secret at any cost. At ABC Institute, the researchers are unsure about the type of key (asymmetric or symmetric) to use. Please formulate a possible solution, and describe the advantages and disadvantages of any solution employed.

This assignment requires two to three pages in length, based upon the APA style of writing.

 

Must have at least 2 sources.

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How does ELINT contribute to both tactical and strategic intelligence efforts? Provide specific examples to argue your points of view./Put yourself in the place of a SIGINT operator. Identify 10 specific lessons from this course that you would apply to SIGINT collection or analysis./ Is it possible to over-rely on SIGINT? What are the possible implications of over-reliance on a single intelligence collection stream?

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“Traveling through the Dark” by William Stafford,

“My Papa’s Waltz” by Theodore Roethke,

“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” by William Shakespeare,

“Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night” by Dylan Thomas,

“Building with Its Face Blown Off” by Billy Colins,

“The Video” by Fleur Adcock,

“A Red, Red Rose” by Robert Burns,

“this morning (for the girls of eastern high school)” by Lucille Clifton,

“Because I could not stop for Death” by Emily Dickinson,

“The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost,

“Pied Beauty” by Gerard Manley Hopkins,

“Harlem” by Langston Hughes,

“The New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus,

“They” by Siegfried Sassoon,

 

 

  Deliverable Length: 1,000–1,200 words  

   Due Date: 1/27/2014 5:00 PM  CT  

You will be writing an essay of 1,000 words or more about two poems from the assigned reading list. Please select two works from the list of fourteen and answer the questions below. Again, be sure to begin your paper with an engaging introduction and clear thesis statement, develop each point in the body of your paper using examples and quotes from the poems, and conclude your paper with a restatement of your thesis and closing remarks. Also, make sure you maintain your credibility by including in-text citations and a reference list correctly formatted in APA style.

 

    Imagery: What visual images can you identify in both poems? Comment on the details you notice about objects, places, people, colors, textures and so forth. Which of your other senses are stimulated by the poets’ descriptions?

    Figures of Speech: List the specific metaphors, similes, puns and other figures of speech each poet uses and how they contribute to the poem’s overall meaning. (Remember, figurative language is not literal but rather suggestive of something else. For example, the metaphor, “Jack is a pig,” is not a reference to an actual animal with hooves but rather someone named Jack who has pig-like qualities or mannerisms.)

    Symbolism: Identify the symbols you notice in each poem. What abstract concepts (e.g., love, death, truth) might the concrete objects (e.g., persons, places, things) suggest?

    Language and Word Choice: Every word in a poem has been included (or left out) after much deliberation, as poets choose their words very carefully. Remark on the following in each poem: Does the poet use informal or formal language? Does he or she write in an older dialect or contemporary English? Provide examples.

    Tone: What tone does each poet take (e.g., sad, humorous, sarcastic, loving, etc.) toward his or her subject matter?

    Themes: What are the main messages of both poems? Give reasons for your answers.

    Sound: Read both poems aloud. What do you notice about their rhythms, rhyme schemes and musicality? How does listening to the sound of a poem differ from merely reading it as words on a page?

    Final Thoughts: Poetry can enlighten and/or evoke deep emotion in readers. Express the impact each of the two poems you have analyzed for this assignment had on you. What insights did you gain about life or human nature, and what feelings did each piece stir in you? Has your view of poetry changed in any way since reading and analyzing the Phase 3 poems? Explain your answer

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1.
A torch is shown below.
Knurled finish
(
a
) The torch body is made from aluminium.
State
two
properties of aluminium that makes it a suitable material.
1
2
(
b
) State a functional reason for the knurled finish.
(
c
) The torch body was manufactured using a metal lathe.
State
two
procedures or adjustments that ensure a high quality finish is
achieved when parallel turning metal.
1
2
(
d
) The lathe tool shown below was used in the manufacture of the torch body.
Tool
State the name of this tool.
.
(continued)
(
e
)
The drill shown below was used in the manufacture of the torch body.
(i)
State the name of this drill.
(ii)
State the function of this drill.
(
f
)
The tool shown below was used in the manufacture of the torch body.
0
5
10
15
45
0
5
(i)
State the name of this tool.
(ii)
State a reason why this tool was preferred to
outside callipers
.
During testing it was found that the torch body had a sharp edge.
Sharp edge
(
g
)
State a metal lathe process that would remove this sharp edge.
[Turn over

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You have been asked to devise a set of guidelines giving general advice to practitioners working with socially excluded children and/or adolescents with mental health difficulties. You have been asked to focus your advice to one or more kinds of social ex

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Unit 2 Assignment

Instructions

Assessing and improving employee motivation are essential for effective leadership. These skills can promote improved job satisfaction and overall productivity for all employees. In order to properly assess motivation and satisfaction, a leader must be able to understand the needs and interpret the emotions of employees from diverse cultural backgrounds. This is referred to as emotional intelligence, which involves a sensitivity to and understanding of human expressions. (Human expressions can include facial expressions, body language, verbal communication, etc.)

 

Conduct searches for journal articles that address the topics of emotional intelligence

(EI) and leadership. Then, go to the internet and conduct a search for “free emotional intelligence test.” After taking the test, answer the following questions:

 

1. How does EI differ from traditional conceptions of intelligence?

 

2. After completing the emotional intelligence test, do you think that emotional intelligence can be “learned?” Do you see value in focusing on working to increase your emotional intelligence? Why or why not? (To answer this question, apply the findings from your self-evaluation.)

 

3. Is there a relationship between EI and leadership, between EI and motivation? How would you define those relationships?

 

4. Have you worked for a manager that you think exhibited a high degree of EI?

Conversely, have you worked for a manager that exhibited a low level of EI? What was the impact of this manager(s) on your own motivation, productivity, and job satisfaction? Do you think the manager’s EI was beneficial when interacting with employees from culturally diverse backgrounds? Provide specific examples to explain your response.

 

Requirements

 

Responses to the questions should be written in a clear, detailed manner and observe the conventions of Standard American English (correct grammar, punctuation, etc.).

 

Double-spaced, 12 point, Times New Roman font.

 

The minimum page limit is 2 pages or 600 words.

 

The maximum page limit is 4 pages or 1200 words.

 

Include at least one reference. The course textbook may not count towards the reference requirement for this Assignment. All references should follow APA style format.

 

                              

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Please read this entire communication for important information about your Unit 6 assignment. Below I have included the entire Unit 6 assignment and made some notes (in blue) to help you with the assignment. I have also included the meal that you will be analyzing in the paper. To earn the most points possible, please consider the following tips as well.

 

Follow the word minimum (1000 words) and provide a full discussion of each answer (no word max for this paper);

 

Use APA format and include in-text citations for any and all references (APA tutorials can be found in Doc Sharing);

 

Review the rubric for the assignment (see below) and make sure you have included all elements of the assignment

 

Avoid using quoted material if at all possible. Put ideas into your own words to demonstrate a solid understanding of the information.  

 

Unit 6 Assignment: Impacts of a borderless society

 

We live in a world where geographic boundaries cease to exist when it comes to goods, services, and even food. We think nothing of having freshly squeezed orange juice or kiwis for breakfast, even if we live in New York City with 10-inches of snow on the ground in the middle of January. We live in an age where everything and anything is available for consumption year-round at your local grocery store. Convenience comes with potentially major ecological and economic impacts that are both positive and negative. For example, the coffee you drink may come from beans imported from Columbia, the sugar you use may come from India, or the steaks you sear on the grill may have come from Argentina. How much fuel was spent transporting these products across the ocean? Were any pesticides used? If so, was it done in a sustainable fashion? Were forests cleared to make room for grazing herds or larger agricultural fields? These are just a few of the many questions we should be asking ourselves when we make our selections at the grocery store.

 

Explore the following resources in the Kaplan Library, along with the link from the United States Department of Agriculture, to learn more about the foods we rely on and the variety of ways in which we can acquire them.

 

Roosevelt, M. (2006). The Lure of the 100-Mile Diet. Time, 167(24), 78.

 

Cosier, S. (2007). The 100-Mile Diet. E: The Environmental Magazine, 18(5), 42.

 

Cooper, C. (2007). 100 miles and counting. Food In Canada, 67(3), 7.

 

Macpherson, C. (2007). You are where you eat. Ascent Magazine, (33), 46.

 

Source: United States Department of Agriculture. (2012). The people’s garden. Retrieved from http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=PEOPLES_GARDEN

 

For this assignment, you will write an essay in which you analyze a meal provided to you by your instructor in the weekly announcement. Address the following questions as you write your assignment.

 

Meal:

 

Sirloin steak

 

Baked potato with butter and sour cream

 

Canned green beans

 

French bread with butter

 

Chocolate pudding

 

Assignment:

· If you were to purchase each item at a local chain grocery store, where would these items be sourced? For example, where were the fruits, vegetables, and/or meats grown immediately prior to sale? Do not discuss the history or origin of the item i.e., “corn or maize originated in Mexico around 2500 BC.”
To trace the source, you can decide on the brands and types of food in the meal above. For example, you can choose the brand and type of canned green beans. Trace the origins of the food back to their direct origin prior to getting to the store. You do not have to trace every ingredient! Just provide the prior location or source for main ingredients. You will elaborate on this in question 2 (below).
· Discuss the events and methods of production that allowed your local grocery store to carry these items. What farming methods were likely used to grow these items and how do these methods impact the environment around the farms as well as the employees who work within these establishments.
· Were the items grown and shipped in from another country?
· What types of processing and packaging must take place in order for you to be able to purchase the product? If you were to follow the suggestions shared within the articles provided above, where could you purchase the items (name specific local places within your community)? If a food item is not available locally, is there an alternative that you could use as a substitute?
This is really a continuation of the first question. You identified the source of the meal components in the first question… now break it down further .. how does it get it to your plate? Discuss what’s involved in production, processing and packaging and shipping. Is it from the US, or another country?
· Discuss the ecological and economic advantages and disadvantages of purchasing food items that are locally sourced versus those shipped from other areas of the country and from around the world. Use your textbook reading for this unit in order to explore the environmental impacts, and use these to further analyze the impacts our food purchases may have on the environment.
Look at the sources listed in the introduction to this assignment for some great resources. Find a few examples of each. You need at least 5 sources for this paper in the References section… this would be a good place to include some of them.
· The food choices we make have the potential to generate both local and global impacts. This can be summarized in the phrase “Think Globally, Act Locally.” Based upon your analysis of the meal provided by your instructor for this assignment, discuss how the choices you make when planning and buying meals might change in the future and how your choices, when combined with those of others, can have a global impact.
This is all your opinion, so think about this question for a bit after you finish your research, and share your thoughts about what the statement “Think Globally, Act Locally” really means to you.

This essay should be a minimum of 1,000-words in APA style format. Provide appropriate citations and references for any information you use in this paper. Your paper should include a minimum of five sources. These can include those provided within the project directions and the course materials. Be sure to avoid copying and pasting large sections of text from any given source. For help with citations, refer to the APA Quick Reference.

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in this two pages essay you will write about my writing processes which is 

Brain storming to collect the ideas

Using the dictionary to find a good vocabulary (I’m international student in US)

Listen to music while writing

 

Revise the essay and correct the errors 

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1. Are American cities manageable? What are the limitations….not just financial or political…. on effective and efficient urban government administration? Compare private sector management to public sector administration in your answer. Why are handling constituent complaints in government like ensuring customer satisfaction in business ?

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The Federal Reserve is conducting expansionary monetary policy by printing money, purchasing US Securities and keeping the interest rate low to promote economic expansion.
Please articulate whether you agree or disagree with this policy and why. What is the impact of this policy on the banking system and the small investor? (500 words)

 

Provided three (3) references formatted properly 

 

Please use Times New Roman 12pt

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(hospital service voluntree whould be good )

 

 

Write a two-page essay in a “.doc” format – including a small photo if you want – and submit it as an attachment in this “Assignments” section of class. The essay should be about a volunteer service that you have recently completed or would be willing to complete that relates to LOCAL topic(s) in your area that are intertwined with material you’ve learned in class. Ideas: join a “friend of” group, volunteer to educate visitors or students at a museum, write a letter to a manager or senator to protect resources, etc – anything that is volunteer work and is related to a topic covered in class.

This essay should be written in the proper format – it’s an academic paper. I would like to see information about the place(s) you volunteer for and your volunteer plan: how many hours you volunteer; where; with how many other people; a description of your volunteer service; a description of what volunteer service is needed there, etc.

Please cite your sources and upload this assignment to the correct folder. Select “submit for grading” so I know you turned it in. You can turn this in at any time during the course up until the last day. This Extra Credit will be worth 1% on your final score and can effectively nudge grade up if it’s on the fence. Have FUN!

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Explain, using examples and reference to the literature why an understanding of organisational culture in educational settings (this can be any educational organisation) is critical to the development of an effective marketing culture.

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Assignment Instructions

1. To complete this assignment, first read Chap 13 “Psychodynamic Approach” in your Leadership textbook.

2. Then read pages 345 for instructions on how to complete the Psychodynamic Approach Survey.

3. Complete the Psychodynamic Approach Survey and then score it following the directions on pages 345-346.

4. Read the scoring interpretation on page 346.

5. Next, create an MS Word document and write a one page paper that specifies your psychological type and summarizes your interpretation of the score. Explain why you agree or disagree with the result. I do not need your score – only your interpretation of the score and if you agree or disagree.

Paper Format:

A. Title Page – Include a title page with your name, student number, title of your paper, course number, course name, and date.

B. Introductory Paragraph – Include an introductory paragraph.

C. Font and Spacing – Use Times New Roman 12 font with double spaced lines.

D. Length – Write a 1 page paper (approximately 350 words), not including the title and citation pages, on your results.

E. Reference Page – Include all sources including your textbook on a Reference page

F. Utilize the APA Style for documenting sources.

G. Punctuation, essay format (thesis, supporting paragraphs with transition and topic sentences, and summary) grammar, and documentation count toward your grade.

6. Save your interpretation as Last Name_Psychodynamic.doc (e.g. Smith_Psychodynamic.doc).

7. When you are ready, upload your Psychodynamic Approach Survey paper for grading.

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write a 1000-word (minimum) paper. Address each of the following questions:

Families have changed greatly over the past 60 years, and they continue to become more diverse.

  1. Why is the family considered the most important agent of socialization?
  2. What caused the dramatic changes to the American family? What are those changes?
  3. Describe the differences in marriage and family life that are linked to class, race, gender, and personal choice.
  4. Do you feel the trend toward diverse families is positive or negative?
  5. If the trend changed toward traditional (pre-World War II) families, how would that affect women’s rights?
Assignment 2 Grading Criteria
Maximum Points
Included an introduction and a conclusion that reviews all main points you present.
30
Explained why the family is considered the most important agent of socialization.
30
Described the changes to the family and explained why they occurred.
30

Described the differences in marriage and family with relation to race, class, gender, and choice.

30
Integrated personal views on the main issue.
30
Related essay writings to the concepts and theories discussed in the textbook and outside resources.
30
Submitted on or before due date, using correct spelling and grammar and appropriate APA format.
20
Total:
200

 

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1. What are smart goals? Specifically describe the elements that make a goal smart. Identify one of your goals and discuss what makes it a smart goal.
2. Identify and discuss the five stages of group development. Give an example of how each stage was exemplified in a group you have been a member of.
3. Identify and discuss the eight biases that affect decision making.
4. Identify and discuss the eight attributes of high-performance teams. How would you implement each of these stages into a team you lead to maximize team performance?

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http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-16770932
your assignment following this guest lecture is to write a five paragraph essay. The first paragraph will summarize the presentation’s key points that you learned, the second and third should analyze what surprised you about what he shared and why you were surprised,

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I need you to write an essay .. I uploaded an pics that shows you what to do..

There is an exersice 14,  I need you to answer all questions of the back ground file as the subject will be writing about…

The subject will be about “San Fransisco sues Nevada over dumping of mentally III “

 

I give also an example how I want my essay would look like exactly, I want you to follow it as the example is.

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Type your answer below the question. Use complete sentences, correct grammar, and correct spelling.

Love, ambition, greed, religious faith—these are some of the human emotions that motivate characters and help explain their personalities and behavior. Choose a character who came alive for you in your readings so far this year. Write an essay in which you examine that character’s personality and motivation and show what the character’s behavior and attitudes reveal about human nature. Begin with an introductory paragraph that captures your reader’s attention and includes a thesis statement that states your view of the character. Then, in the body of your essay, show how details in the work convey the character’s personality and motives. End with a concluding paragraph that sums up your main ideas about the character.

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The Central Park Five case is undeniably similar to the West Memphis Three case. Read more into each case and write a 2-3 page compare/contrast essay about the similarities and differences in both cases. Be sure your thesis statement is clear. What are you trying to prove in mentioning both cases?/ Contrary to Topic A, Topic B’s thesis statement is set. Write a 2-3 page compare/contrast essay to support the thesis statement “Media coverage sometimes contributes to the conviction of innocent people.” Use the Central Park Five and West Memphis Three cases to support this thesis statement.
Choose one of the following topics. Write a 2-3 page MLA essay including an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Like all other essays, be sure to have a clear thesis statement. With the paper, include an outline. Please type, print, and staple before class. Do not spend the first part of class printing your paper. I will lock the door at the beginning of class the day the paper is due to avoid several disruptions.

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Write a minimum 5 pages reflection critical analysis’ essay entitled “Is morality relative or are there objective moral truths?” This essay should explore the ethical, scientific, historic and socio-cultural dimensions of the readings. You have to read two readings (links you will find below the assignment description), one written by Ruth Benedict, “The Case for Moral Relativism” and a second written by Louis P. Pojman entitled “The Case Against Moral Relativism.”

 

What position do you hold regarding the essay’s question? Do you agree or disagree with the positions stated in the two readings? In order to prove your thesis make reference to the required readings from Unit 1 and 2, to the Instructor’s Lecture, as well as to two readings included in this assignment. In the Instructor’s Lecture you have an additional bibliography.

 

Refer to Essay’s Rubrics in order to see the grading system.

 

In your essay you should:

 

  1. Use both readings as well as the rest of the required readings included in the Learning Modules.

  2. Give answers to the following questions:

  1. Regarding Benedict’s paper:

  1. Is Benedict correct in saying that our culture is “but one entry in a long series of possible adjustments”? What are the implications of this statement?

  2. Can we separate the descriptive (or fact-stating) aspect of anthropological study from the prescriptive (evaluative) aspect of evaluating cultures? Are there some independent criteria by which we can say that some cultures are better than others? Can you think how this project might begin?

  3. What are the implications of Benedict’s claim that morality is simply whatever a culture deems normal behavior? Is this a satisfactory equation? Can you apply it to the institution of slavery or the Nazi policy of anti-Semitism?

  4. What is the significance of Benedict’s statement, “The very eyes with which we see the problem are conditioned by the long traditional habits of our own society”? Can we apply the conceptual relativism embodied in this statement to her own position? (taken form Pojman L.P., Vaughn L., The Moral Life, New York 2007, p. 165.)

 

    b. Regarding Pojman’s paper:

 

  1. Is Pojman correct in thinking most American students tend to be moral relativists? If he is, why is this? What is the attraction of relativism? If he’s not correct, explain your answer.

  2. Explain the difference between subjective ethical relativism and conventionalism.

  3. Sometimes people argue that since there are no universal moral truths, each culture’s morality is as good as every other, so we ought not to interfere in its practices. Assess this argument.

  4. Does moral relativism have a bad effect on society? Reread the tape-recorded conversation between serial murderer Ted Bundy and one of his victims (pages 171-172) in which Bundy attempts to justify the murder of his victim on the basis of the idea that all moral values are subjective. Analyze Bundy’s discussion. How would the relativist respond to Bundy’s claim that relativism justifies rape and murder? What do you think? Why? (taken form Pojman L.P., Vaughn L., The Moral Life, New York 2007, pp. 190-191.)

     

    Here are the readings :

     

    http://www.colorado.edu/philosophy/heathwood/pdf/benedict_relativism.pdf

     

    https://interbb.blackboard.com/courses/1/201413.1648/messaging/users/_21111_1/attachments/42d595b4d22c47ef9bb6374cf1e389e9/PojmanCase%281%29.pdf

 

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You work as a transportation analyst for Peregrine Trucking Co. The company’s president has asked you to evaluate the potential of reducing fuel cost by using trucking equipment that is more efficient and socially conscious. He would like you to propose 5 processes or tools to achieve such improvements including equipment (tires, efficient engines, etc.), new rigs (tractor/trailer), and fleet operating rules that will help the company meet its goal. Your job is to consider alternatives, evaluate potential results and propose a minimum of solutions presented in a state-of-the-art academic style report and delivered on time to the company president (your course instructor). As an analyst you should evaluate all resources available, consider using the Smart Way webpage (see recommended websites), learning from the course, course text book, library resources and additional sources to support your contentions.

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1-10. What do you want to know? This requires 10 questions, each of which should be based on
something you’ve read in Dudley or something you’ve read elsewhere. It’s the “based on” that’s tricky
here. So each of these (1-10) will have two parts: the question, and the “based on.” 11. why did you
choose these questions? 12. Are they reliable 13. and valid? 14. How do you know?
Criteria Ratings Pts
10 Questions
Answers each and every question in the criterion, specifically identifying what you’re answering. Hint:
Copy the criterion into a Word doc, and number anything with a question mark, and answer it. Thus: 110.

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1500 words essay
This assignment involves considering an issue/problem/experience related to communication in your own life . It might be a recurring issue/problem or a ‘one-off’ experience. How do you think this issue/problem/experience might be addressed, illuminated or dealt with by one (or more) of the pragmatics concepts which have been considered so far in this unit?( http://www.doc88.com/p-8498776082418.html) to chapter 6. The assignment will be assessed in relation to the following criteria.
You should:
• identify and describe a relevant issue or topic in a specific context that you are familiar with;
• demonstrate an understanding of the concepts introduced in the readings and study notes that are relevant to your chosen issue;
• apply these concepts to a consideration of your chosen issue and context;
• write clearly and concisely in academic style;
• refer specifically to the relevant readings and study notes to introduce, illustrate and support your own personal reflections;
• provide a reference list citing all and only those references cited in the body of your essay;
• use APA referencing style;
• observe the word limits.
Your grade will be mostly determined by:
• how well the relevant issue is identified and described;
• how well your discussion of the issue is related to the theory.
Notice ( I’m from Arabic country)

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Answer the following questions:
1. The producers of a new toothpaste claim that it prevents more cavities than other brands of toothpaste. A random sample of 60 people used the new toothpaste for 6 months. The mean number of cavities at their next checkup is 1.5. In the general population, the mean number of cavities at a 6-month checkup is 1.73 (‘ = 1.12).
a. Is this a one- or two-tailed test?
b. What are H0 and Ha for this study?
c. Compute zobt.
d. What is zcv?
e. Should H0 be rejected? What should the researcher conclude?
f. Determine the 95% confidence interval for the population mean, based on the sample mean
2. Henry performed a two-tailed test for an experiment in which N = 24. He could not find his table of t critical values, but he remembered the tcv at df = 13. He decided to compare his tobt with this tcv. Is he more likely to make a Type I or Type II error in this situation?
3. A researcher hypothesizes that individuals who listen to classical music will score differently from the general population on a test of spatial ability. On a standardized test of spatial ability, ” = 58. A random sample of 14 individuals who listen to classical music is given the same test. Their scores on the test are 52, 59, 63, 65, 58, 55, 62, 63, 53, 59, 57, 61, 60, 59.
a. Is this a one- or two-tailed test?
b. What are H0 and Ha for this study?
c. Compute tobt.
d. What is tcv?
e. Should H0 be rejected? What should the researcher conclude?
f. Determine the 95% confidence interval for the population mean, based on the sample mean.

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Assignment Instructions

For this assignment, you are required to write a Leadership Research Essay:

Requirement: Using the terms, concepts, and theories learned in this course, write a 5 to 7 page (Times New Roman 12 font with double-spaced lines) leadership essay defining your leadership philosophy with one or more of the leadership theories we have studied.  Each page should be approximately 350 words, so the total word count (not counting the reference page and the title page) should be at least 1750 words.  Papers with less than 1750 words will have deductions for lack of content.

Research: Additionally, using the APUS Online Library, conduct research and incorporate at least two (2) additional sources other than your textbooks to support your essay. Use the APA Style to cite your “in-text” references and to list your references on a reference page (see page three of this document for examples). A copy of APA Style Examples can be found in the lessons section of the classroom under course materials. 

Your essay will address these questions:

A. What leadership model, style, or theory best describes you as a leader? Give examples using the terms and concepts in your textbook.

1) Skills Approach
2) Situational Approach
3) Contingency Approach
4) LMX
5) Other

B. What are your most distinguishing leadership traits?

C. As a follower, what leadership approach do you prefer?

D. What leadership model or theory best describes how you influence others? Give examples using the terms and concepts in your textbook.

E. Based on your self-assessments, your current leadership and motivational skills, and the knowledge you have gained from study the course materials, what goals will you set and what plan of action will you implement to improve your (1) leadership and (2) motivation? Include the type of leadership theory or model you intend implement to achieve your goals.

F. What is your timeline to complete each of these self-improvement goals?

Save your essay as Last Name_Leadership Research Essay_MGMT312.doc (e.g. Smith_Leadership Research Essay_MGMT312.doc).

When you are ready, upload your essay for grading.

Paper Format:

A. Title Page – Include a title page with your name, student number, title of your paper, course number, course name, and date.

B. Introductory Paragraph – Include an introductory paragraph that ends with your thesis sentence.

C. Thesis Sentence – Highlight your thesis sentence in bold font. Your thesis sentence could read something like this: This essay will describe my leadership in terms of the XXXX theory and present a plan of action to improve my leadership and motivation skills. You should support your thesis with at least three supporting paragraphs and a summary paragraph. Be sure to include theories, models, terms, concepts and principles learned throughout the course. Your thesis statement should be the only bold writing in your entire essay.

D. Font and Spacing – Use Times New Roman 12 font with double spaced lines.

E. Length – Write a 5 to 7 page essay not including the title page and citation page.

F. Reference Page – Include all sources including your textbook on a Reference page

1. Utilize the APA Style for documenting sources. Remember to include at least 2 sources other than your textbooks. Finally, remember Wikipedia is NOT a scholarly source.

2. Punctuation, essay format (thesis, supporting paragraphs with transition and topic sentences, and summary) grammar and documentation count toward your grade.

3. Review this Grading Rubric, which I will utilize this rubric to evaluate your essay in 5 areas to include:

• FOCUS/THESIS
• CONTENT/SUBJECT KNOWLEDGE
• CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS
• ORGANIZATION OF IDEAS/FORMAT and
• WRITING CONVENTIONS (GRAMMAR & MECHANICS)

Additionally, there is one section where timeliness points will be awarded.

4. I will assign a number score ranging from 4 to 1 for each area as follows:

• 4 = Exemplary Level
• 3 = Accomplished Level
• 2 = Developing Level
• 1 = Beginning Level

Assignment Instructions

For this assignment, you are required to write a Leadership Research Essay:

Requirement: Using the terms, concepts, and theories learned in this course, write a 5 to 7 page (Times New Roman 12 font with double-spaced lines) leadership essay defining your leadership philosophy with one or more of the leadership theories we have studied.  Each page should be approximately 350 words, so the total word count (not counting the reference page and the title page) should be at least 1750 words.  Papers with less than 1750 words will have deductions for lack of content.

Research: Additionally, using the APUS Online Library, conduct research and incorporate at least two (2) additional sources other than your textbooks to support your essay. Use the APA Style to cite your “in-text” references and to list your references on a reference page (see page three of this document for examples). A copy of APA Style Examples can be found in the lessons section of the classroom under course materials. 

Your essay will address these questions:

A. What leadership model, style, or theory best describes you as a leader? Give examples using the terms and concepts in your textbook.

1) Skills Approach
2) Situational Approach
3) Contingency Approach
4) LMX
5) Other

B. What are your most distinguishing leadership traits?

C. As a follower, what leadership approach do you prefer?

D. What leadership model or theory best describes how you influence others? Give examples using the terms and concepts in your textbook.

E. Based on your self-assessments, your current leadership and motivational skills, and the knowledge you have gained from study the course materials, what goals will you set and what plan of action will you implement to improve your (1) leadership and (2) motivation? Include the type of leadership theory or model you intend implement to achieve your goals.

F. What is your timeline to complete each of these self-improvement goals?

Save your essay as Last Name_Leadership Research Essay_MGMT312.doc (e.g. Smith_Leadership Research Essay_MGMT312.doc).

When you are ready, upload your essay for grading.

Paper Format:

A. Title Page – Include a title page with your name, student number, title of your paper, course number, course name, and date.

B. Introductory Paragraph – Include an introductory paragraph that ends with your thesis sentence.

C. Thesis Sentence – Highlight your thesis sentence in bold font. Your thesis sentence could read something like this: This essay will describe my leadership in terms of the XXXX theory and present a plan of action to improve my leadership and motivation skills. You should support your thesis with at least three supporting paragraphs and a summary paragraph. Be sure to include theories, models, terms, concepts and principles learned throughout the course. Your thesis statement should be the only bold writing in your entire essay.

D. Font and Spacing – Use Times New Roman 12 font with double spaced lines.

E. Length – Write a 5 to 7 page essay not including the title page and citation page.

F. Reference Page – Include all sources including your textbook on a Reference page

1. Utilize the APA Style for documenting sources. Remember to include at least 2 sources other than your textbooks. Finally, remember Wikipedia is NOT a scholarly source.

2. Punctuation, essay format (thesis, supporting paragraphs with transition and topic sentences, and summary) grammar and documentation count toward your grade.

3. Review this Grading Rubric, which I will utilize this rubric to evaluate your essay in 5 areas to include:

• FOCUS/THESIS
• CONTENT/SUBJECT KNOWLEDGE
• CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS
• ORGANIZATION OF IDEAS/FORMAT and
• WRITING CONVENTIONS (GRAMMAR & MECHANICS)

Additionally, there is one section where timeliness points will be awarded.

4. I will assign a number score ranging from 4 to 1 for each area as follows:

• 4 = Exemplary Level
• 3 = Accomplished Level
• 2 = Developing Level
• 1 = Beginning Level

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Assignment

This assignment comes in two parts.

Part 1: Create a timeline that covers at least four major events of the women’s movement. These do not necessarily have to be from the 1960s, and they can be within a relatively short timeframe (spanning just a few years), or a very long time frame (spanning a couple of centuries). It is entirely up to you! You can find templates for timelines online, or you create your own timeline in Word (Click on Insert, choose Illustrations, SmartArt for templates).

Part 2: Write a brief, 300-500 word commentary that explains how each of these four events that you have mentioned in your timeline is interrelated. In this commentary, you may write about how one event led into the next, and so on, or you may write about how one very significant event led to the other three. The way that you describe the interrelatedness of these events is up to you, but you must demonstrate that you understand how interconnected they are.

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Persuasive essay

 

In this assignment, you will against this claim: Freedom of speech is one thing, but when it is damaging to society something can and should be done.

 

1. Logical validity of the argument – Does the conclusion follow logically?
2. Truth of the premises – 
Are the premises true or justified?
3. Completeness of the premises – 
Were key facts left out?

 

Need ASAP was suppose to be done by another on this site, but did not come through for me 🙁

Need no grammar errors and no plagarism

 

Thanks

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Write a short response to each question, using specific quotes from the readings – or paraphrase – give page numbers and author’s name only for each citation (eg. Reverby, 1) in the body of your answer. Do not submit any answer without a citation to the reading (author, page number). No page reference, no credit. Overlong answers will be downgraded. Each answer should be no more than a short paragraph of analysis of the readings with citations. I am looking for the best statements by the authors of the ideas contained in the answers to the questions so be sure to choose the best options, not just any quote that may seem relevant or that mentions a phrase contained in the question. Be sure your answer fits within the overall context of the author’s discussion. Be sure to use the whole book, not just a small portion of it, when discussing a topic (your page references should be spread throughout the books).

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Essay 1          (500 words)

 Give an example either from your work, your family network or your social circle of an older adult facing challenges living in their own home.  What supports would help this person?  Are they available?  How have this individual’s challenges affected his/her quality of life?  Is there a better solution and what would you recommend?

plz read attach file essay 1

 

Essay 2       (500 words)

describe what it is and why it makes sense to you.

 plz read attach file essay 2

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 Unless otherwise indicated, there is a 300 word minimum response required for each numbered essay question.

  • Credible reference materials, including your course textbook(s), may be used to complete the assessment.
  • APA Information
    • In-text and reference citations are required for all written responses.

Course Textbook in APA format:

Meyer, E. (2010). Chemistry of hazardous materials (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson.

 

Essay

 

Upon responding to a 2:00 a.m. domestic transportation mishap, your hazmat team determines that a liquefied compressed gas is leaking from a 5lb (2.3 kg) steel cylinder. The chemical commodity is described on the relevant shipping paper as follows: 5 lb RQ, Compressed gas, flammable, toxic, n.o.s. (POISON – Inhalation Hazard, Zone B). 

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Your primary objective is to analyze and interpret an ethics’ case study and apply critical thinking to best interpret main case issues, and their resolution in light of the facts provided. Write a minimum 5 double spaces pages case study critical analysis’ essay. Refer to required readings!

Your primary objective is to analyze and interpret an ethics’ case study and apply critical thinking to best interpret main case issues, and their resolution in light of the facts provided.  Please, follow the next instructions:

1. Quickly read the case. Get a feel for the content and the information that needs to be analyzed.  Focus on the first few and last few paragraphs which often provide strong insights into the problem(s) and issue(s).

2. Read the case very carefully. Try to put yourself in the shoes of the person(s) involved and develop a sense of involvement in the issue(s).

3. Note the key problem areas.

4. Note all relevant facts for each problem area.

5. Logically derive a set of conclusions/responses to the questions that focus on the key issue(s).

6. Write a minimum 5 pages double spaces case study critical analysis’ essay.

Important:

In your essay you should refer to the readings provided in the Learning Modules, use footnotes.

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 Unless otherwise indicated, there is a 300 word minimum response required for each numbered essay question.

  • Credible reference materials, including your course textbook(s), may be used to complete the assessment.
  • APA Information
    • In-text and reference citations are required for all written responses.

Course Textbook in APA format:

Meyer, E. (2010). Chemistry of hazardous materials (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson.

 

 

.

 

Essay

Why are active on-duty firefighters likely to experience the adverse health effects from inhaling 300 ppm of carbon monoxide faster than nonactive off-duty firefighters who inhale the same concentration of the same substance? Explain your answer using the chemicals/process involved. 

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The Future of Energy: Guiding Decisions with Evidence

Guiding Decisions with Evidence

In order to reduce the negative environmental impacts of an ever growing human population and increasing demands for energy as technological advances continue, individual countries, states, cities, and even households have the opportunity to shift their energy sources to those that are renewable. However, not all locations are equally amenable to any particular form of energy. For this Assignment you will assess your own location, existing energy use, the advantages and disadvantages of different energy sources, and ways to reduce energy demand through conservation.

Be sure to explore the following resources to begin your research and to support your ideas with supporting facts. While the provided resources focus on the United States, you are welcome to explore the energy situation within your own state of residence, one that you would like to live in or have visited in the past, and also an international location. In order to focus your Discussion, be sure to focus on a specific region.

Resources:

Your Assignment should be written in an essay format, with an introduction and conclusion. The paper will require you to include details from research including the course materials and sources you locate on your own. Use APA format to cite your sources of information, both within parenthetical citations and also within a reference page at the end of the project.

Your paper should include all of the following parts.

  • Assess your own energy use: What forms of energy do you currently rely on and where do they originate from? Be sure to consider the energy that you use at home, during travel, and at work or in school. You can also consider how your energy needs change over the course of a year (for example, heating during the winter and cooling during the summer, seasonal travel, etc.). Consider the origins of the energy sources, and whether they are renewable or nonrenewable.
  • Using the provided materials, determine which renewable sources of energy would be most and least appropriate for use in your chosen location. Be sure to explain your decisions, and also ponder the reasons behind the available data. For example, you may find that solar energy is not a potential resource due to seasonal changes making sunlight inconsistently available throughout the year. Be sure to discuss three forms of renewable energy. One of these should be the energy form identified by your instructor.
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the energy sources you currently rely on as well as the renewable ones you identified previously. Consider both the economic (costs/benefits) and ecological impacts.
  • In addition to using alternative forms of energy, energy conservation is also a significant way in which you can reduce your ecological impacts on the environment. Determine areas where you may already practice energy conservation and also identify at least three ways in which you can reduce your energy use both at home, at work, and in other actions you take on a regular basis.

Basic Writing Expectations:

  1. At least 750–1000 words not counting the title or reference pages.
  2. Include a title page, double space, font size 10 or 12
  3. Include a highly developed viewpoint/thesis, purpose, and exceptional content
  4. Demonstrate superior organization: use logic
  5. Free of grammar and spelling errors
  6. No evidence of plagiarism
  7. Use the APA style for all citations

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Write a 350 – 700 word essay, citing at least one reference, based on the case and questions below.

A Tampa surgeon, Dr. Floyd Legatron, mistakenly removed the wrong leg of 52-year-old Jameson Kingsmith during an amputation procedure in June of 2009. Apparently, a chain of errors led to the mishap, and the surgical team even realized their error halfway into surgery, but by that time it was too late, and the leg had to be removed.

You have the case details above. Answer the following ethical questions based on what you’ve learned applying the Seven-Step Decision Model. Be sure to answer the following:

  1. Define the precise ethical issue. Is it a matter of fairness, justice, morality or rights? Or is it a combination of ethical issues?
  2. Identify the major principles. Is it a matter of integrity, quality, respect for others or profit?
  3. Specify the alternatives. What course(s) of action do you believe should occur?
  4. Compare values and alternatives. What do you believe is the best course of action?
  5. Assess the consequences for the patient, the doctor, and the organization. Identify short-term and long term consequences.
  6. Make a decision.

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Using the company that you have previously selected(T Mobile), and which was approved by your instructor, research the recruiting and selection functions of this organization, and submit an APA formatted research paper that addresses these functions.

If these details are unavailable for the organization you chose, you may research the topics below in general, and present recommendations on the bulleted items below. You must make a decision on which one would be best for the organization in the final paper.

All papers must include four outside resources to support your analysis. All projects should contain an introduction, body, and conclusion. For this project you should:

Describe the current state of labor (for example, shortage, surplus).

Identify and describe the recruiting policies.

Identify and describe the recruiting methods.

Identify and describe any recent changes in labor needs (e.g. shortages, temporary workers).

Identify recruiting sources, both internal and external to the organization.

Identify and evaluate the selection process used including testing, background checks, drug screening, interviews, et cetera.

Identify elements (for example, compensation, geographic location, size, et cetera) of the organization that would make it more or less desirable as an employer

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Select two ethnic groups that are at war with each other.
Attain faculty approval of your selected groups before beginning this assignment.
Prepare a 1,400- to 1,750-word paper examining the similarities and differences between your selected ethnic groups. As a part of your examination, address the following items:

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interacting with Poetrydocx – Google Docs https://docs.googlecom/document/d/ 12~Hj Oe-xS QMCwIOF] Z9…
Unit 2: Interacting with Poetry
ReSpond to poem/s we have read this semester. Your audience is academic and has expectations
about what makes a reasonable response to a written text.
Focus is vital. Your response won’t cover every theme the poet covers. That’s fine. Let your
interests, ideas, and reactions guide you in your response. Whichever response strategy you
choose, make sure to deveIOp your points, and back up what you say with support from the text
in question, e.g. use words or lines from the poem to support your ideas.
I’ll be looking for:
O a strong, lively engagement with poem/s we have read this semester.
I a demonstrated understanding of the poem/s
I use of quotations and paraphrasing to support your points
I MLA documentation
I support for claims made (outside research Optional)
I academic tone, eloquent prose
O cohesiveness: a central theme, idea, argument: thesis statement
Vhat’s not allowed:
0 excessive summarizing
o a like/ dislike or agree/ disagree or “this poet is annoying” essay
0 a five paragraph essay
I an assortment of unrelated, scattered reactions or a sampling of the questions below.
Essay Length: 3 to 4+ pages
I Due date : first draft 11/2 (two pages), second draft 11/9, final draft 11/16
Possible Ways of Responding or Getting Into a Text
Criticism: What do you disagree with? Why do you feel the poet has failed to construct poetic
language, imagery, sound? Did he build the poem on faulty-assumptions? Where did he fail to
develop his thinking? Could the poet’s ideas be turned against him?
Extension: Where else could the poem’s ideas go? Can they be applied elsewhere? While the

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Write a short response to each question, using specific quotes from the readings – or paraphrase – give page numbers and author’s name only for each citation (eg. Reverby, 1) in the body of your answer. Do not submit any answer without a citation to the reading (author, page number). No page reference, no credit. Overlong answers will be downgraded. Each answer should be no more than a short paragraph of analysis of the readings with citations. I am looking for the best statements by the authors of the ideas contained in the answers to the questions so be sure to choose the best options, not just any quote that may seem relevant or that mentions a phrase contained in the question. Be sure your answer fits within the overall context of the author’s discussion. Be sure to use the whole book, not just a small portion of it, when discussing a topic (your page references should be spread throughout the books).

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Use the table each of your assigned problems to write out each step needed to solve the problem along with the calculations necessary to find the answer to your assigned problem.
• The “Calculations” column needs to show each step that you would need to write out if you were showing your work when doing this problem by hand or trying to teach the concept to a friend.
• For each step, you will also have to provide a thorough a description of your thought processes for the calculation in the “Explanations” column.
• The first row (or step) should always be to copy the entire problem into the “Calculations” column or write out the important information. You can use copy and paste.
• Make sure that your final answer is clearly stated.
• You do not have to use all of the rows provided. However, if you need more rows to write out all of the steps you took to complete the problem, add rows.
NOTE: This assignment requires that everyone must submit at least 2 problems. Therefore, each person in the group must complete Question #1; however, you can choose any of the 4 remaining problems as your second choice.
Week 1
W1.1

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I need a 3-4 page long, essay MLA format about The Renaissance in Northern Europe paint work. My essay must talk about Michelangelo Buonarroti and the enormous David marble masterpiece, Rapheal-Madonna of the Meadows, and Leonardo da Vinci- Mona Lisa

 

Imagine that you are asked to describe the work to someone who cannot see it. For example, what do you see? How are the objects presented? What is the style of the work? Which messages do you believe it was meant to communicate? What does it communicate to a modern viewer? Does it stir emotions, offer a new perspective, or perhaps present a moral dilemma? Be sure to explain within the analysis why you have come to these assessments of the work. Which elements in each work of art have led you to your conclusions?

 

 

 

so you will need to make a case for your claims. Do not merely answer the questions in a sentence or two. Use examples, ideas, information, or narratives to help express your point of view and offer a clear analysis of the question. These should be fun essays to compose. If you use a source, you must cite it internally. Keep in mind that I am interested in seeing both an application of the concepts from our readings and also your personal interpretations, so please do use both. Your perspective is what makes the essay unique and helps me to see how you understand our course concepts.

 

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. Shasta Dam Expansion

The Shasta Dam in northern California is a vital cog of the Central California Project. While building the dam for flood control, water provision and electricity production, the confluence of three rivers – centered on the Sacramento River were flooded. The resulting Shasta Lake has become a tourism focus. Simultaneously, the dam’s environmental impact on salmon and other species has become controversial. There is a current discussion to raise the upper level of the dam in order to increase water storage and consistency.

A recent report was concluded as such: “The billion dollars it would cost to raise the dam holding back the largest reservoir in California would, at least on the surface, be money well spent, a federal study concluded this week.”

Students with a randomly assigned number of 1 will write in favor of expanding the dam. Students with a number 2 will write against expanding the dam. My number is _____

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Essay

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1\ Answer the ten questions and show how it’s been answers.
2\ At should include graphs and tables minimum in each answers.
3\ This paper does not need a reference but if you need that’s fine you could.
4\ Any questions has been answered by a formal it should been shows in the work.
5\ If you use EXCEL answer please provide it in excel file.

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Essay

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Discuss the three situational determinants in Fiedler’s leadership theory that allow a leader to determine the favorableness or unfavorableness of a situation for leading. Give a specific example of how each of these determinants would work in a specific business situation of your choosing.

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