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ACCT 612-The Advantages and Disadvantages of Sarbanes-Oxley

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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Sarbanes-Oxley

For this assignment, you will be submitting an essay on the tax advantages and tax disadvantages of Sarbanes-Oxley. The essay will be due by 11:59 p.m. ET on Sunday. The purpose of this assignment is for you to consider the extent to which increased regulation is helpful in preventing fraud, and to analyze the point at which it becomes counter-productive – particularly for small businesses.

The essay should be written in APA format and be submitted in the form of a Microsoft Word document, labeled as follows: lastname_essay1.doc. The body of this essay must be 2-3 pages (double-spaced) in length, not counting the title page and reference page. A minimum of 7 scholarly research sources must be cited in the essay, as detailed below.

Begin by watching the two presentations provided in the Reading & Study folder. These presentations present two polar views of the Sarbanes-Oxley legislation. After becoming familiar with these presentations and the viewpoints presented, begin work on the essay. The structure of the essay should contain three parts. First, describe the advantages of Sarbanes-Oxley, citing at least 2 scholarly research sources. Second, discuss the disadvantages of Sarbanes-Oxley, citing 2 additional scholarly research sources. Finally, present your opinion regarding the success of the Sarbanes-Oxley legislation related to both fraud prevention and the protection of small business. Support your opinion with at least 2 additional scholarly research sources.

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Team A – Enterprise Peer Review (graded, team only) First, please check the announcement area to find out which team you’ll be working with. Then, use the drop-down menu to navigate to your team’s Discussion area. In this Discussion area,

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Team A – Enterprise Peer Review (graded, team only)

First, please check the announcement area to find out which team you’ll be working with. Then, use the drop-down menu to navigate to your team’s Discussion area. In this Discussion area, you will need to do the following.

Please post your rough draft as an attachment by Wednesday.
Post two peer reviews for two of your teammates by Sunday or no later than the date your professor has announced. Important: Use the peer review form located in Doc Sharing, and post your feedback as an attachment.

For example, If there are five people on your team, there should be five drafts posted by the instructed due date. The first person to post a draft should do a peer review for the second and third people to post their drafts, and so on, with the last person to post looping around to do peer reviews for number one and two.

Meeting the deadlines is important! If, for some reason, a team member is late in posting a draft, you do not need to wait for him or her before proceeding with the peer-review process. If someone is late posting a draft, he or she should know that the opportunity to participate may be missed. Participating in the peer-review process counts as part of your discussion grade for this week. Discussion grades will be reduced if these deadlines are not met.

Team B
Team B – Voyager Peer Review (graded, team only)

First, please check the announcement area to find out which team you’ll be working with. Then, use the drop-down menu to navigate to your team’s Discussion area. In this Discussion area, you will need to do the following.

Please post your rough draft as an attachment by Wednesday.
Post two peer reviews for two of your teammates by Sunday or no later than the date your professor has announced. Important: Use the peer review form located in Doc Sharing, and post your feedback as an attachment.

For example, If there are five people on your team, there should be five drafts posted by the instructed due date. The first person to post a draft should do a peer review for the second and third people to post their drafts, and so on, with the last person to post looping around to do peer reviews for number one and two.

Meeting the deadlines is important! If, for some reason, a team member is late in posting a draft, you do not need to wait for him or her before proceeding with the peer-review process. If someone is late posting a draft, he or she should know that the opportunity to participate may be missed. Participating in the peer-review process counts as part of your discussion grade for this week. Discussion grades will be reduced if these deadlines are not met.

Team C
Team C – Prometheus Peer Review (graded, team only)

First, please check the announcement area to find out which team you’ll be working with. Then, use the drop-down menu to navigate to your team’s Discussion area. In this Discussion area, you will need to do the following.

Please post your rough draft as an attachment by Wednesday.
Post two peer reviews for two of your teammates by Sunday or no later than the date your professor has announced. Important: Use the peer review form located in Doc Sharing, and post your feedback as an attachment.

For example, If there are five people on your team, there should be five drafts posted by the instructed due date. The first person to post a draft should do a peer review for the second and third people to post their drafts, and so on, with the last person to post looping around to do peer reviews for number one and two.

Meeting the deadlines is important! If, for some reason, a team member is late in posting a draft, you do not need to wait for him or her before proceeding with the peer-review process. If someone is late posting a draft, he or she should know that the opportunity to participate may be missed. Participating in the peer-review process counts as part of your discussion grade for this week. Discussion grades will be reduced if these deadlines are not met.

Team D
Team D – Reliant Peer Review (graded, team only)

First, please check the announcement area to find out which team you’ll be working with. Then, use the drop-down menu to navigate to your team’s Discussion area. In this Discussion area, you will need to do the following.

Please post your rough draft as an attachment by Wednesday.
Post two peer reviews for two of your teammates by Sunday or no later than the date your professor has announced. Important: Use the peer review form located in Doc Sharing, and post your feedback as an attachment.

For example, If there are five people on your team, there should be five drafts posted by the instructed due date. The first person to post a draft should do a peer review for the second and third people to post their drafts, and so on, with the last person to post looping around to do peer reviews for number one and two.

Meeting the deadlines is important! If, for some reason, a team member is late in posting a draft, you do not need to wait for him or her before proceeding with the peer-review process. If someone is late posting a draft, he or she should know that the opportunity to participate may be missed. Participating in the peer-review process counts as part of your discussion grade for this week. Discussion grades will be reduced if these deadlines are not met.

Discussion 1
Writing for the Web (graded)

As we all know, the amount of information on the Internet is growing exponentially. Consequently, the need for creating or converting information into web-friendly formats is growing rapidly, as well. Technical communicators now often write content for websites, update a corporate blog or wiki, or manage a company’s social media presence on the Web.

For this discussion

describe the major differences in writing content for the Web versus writing for print; and
discuss the importance of web page design and interface. What elements do you feel make a website visually appealing or not?

Feel free to share a website you like or don’t like and explain your reasoning.

Discussion 2
Collaboration (graded)

We often think of writing as a solitary task. However, as our text states, collaboration with coworkers and with subject matter experts (SMEs) actually rank as two of the most important skills for technical writers in the workplace. So, let’s discuss some ways to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of collaborative writing. For this discussion

explain the benefits derived from collaborating with others; and
discuss some of the common pitfalls when working collaboratively. How might you overcome these challenges? Please share any personal experiences you have had with working in a group or on a team

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Question 1.During an infection, why do lymph nodes enlarge and become tender? (Points : 2) B lymphocytes proliferate. The nodes are inflamed.

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Question
1.During an infection, why do lymph nodes enlarge and become tender? (Points : 2)
B lymphocytes proliferate.
The nodes are inflamed.
The nodes fill with purulent exudate.
The nodes are not properly functioning.

Question 2.2.Which blood cells are the chief phagocytes involved in the early inflammation process? (Points : 2)
Neutrophils
Monocytes
Eosinophils
Erythrocytes

Question 3.3.What is the end-product of protein metabolism that is excreted in urine? (Points : 2)
Glucose
Ketones
Bile
Urea

Question 4.4.Where are Kupffer cells located? (Points : 2)
Kidneys
Liver
Pancreas
Spleen

Question 5.5.The portion of the antigen that is configured for recognition and binding is referred to as what type of determinant? (Points : 2)
Immunotope
Paratope
Epitope
Antigenitope

Question 6.6.What is the name of the disorder in which levels of bilirubin remain excessively high in the newborn and are deposited in the brain? (Points : 2)
Kernicterus
Icterus neonatorum
Jaundice
Icterus gravis neonatorum

Question 7.7.When diagnosed with hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), why does the newborn develop hyperbilirubinemia after birth but not in utero? (Points : 2)
Excretion of unconjugated bilirubin through the placenta into the mother’s circulation is no longer possible.
Hemoglobin does not break down into bilirubin in the intrauterine environment.
The liver of the fetus is too immature to conjugate bilirubin from a lipid-soluble to water-soluble form.
The destruction of erythrocytes producing bilirubin is greater after birth.

Question 8.8.When renin is released, it is capable of which action? (Points : 2)
Inactivation of autoregulation
Direct activation of angiotensin II
Direct release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Formation of angiotensin I

Question 9.9.The existence of hyperkalemia is likely to result in which changes to a person’s electrocardiogram (ECG)? (Points : 2)
Flattened U waves
Peaked T waves
Depressed ST segments
Peaked P waves

Question 10.10.What term is used to identify the movement of fluids and solutes from the tubular lumen to the peritubular capillary plasma? (Points : 2)
Tubular secretion
Ultrafiltration
Tubular reabsorption
Tubular excretion

Question 11.11.A hypersensitivity reaction that produces an allergic response is called: (Points : 2)
Hemolytic shock
Anaphylaxis
Necrotizing vasculitis
Systemic erythematosus

Question 12.12.Tissue damage caused by the deposition of circulating immune complexes containing an antibody against the host DNA is the cause of which disease? (Points : 2)
Hemolytic anemia
Pernicious anemia
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Myasthenia gravis

Question 13.13.Cytokines are thought to cause fevers by stimulating the synthesis of which chemical mediator? (Points : 2)
Leukotriene
Histamine
Prostaglandin
Bradykinin

Question 14.14.Blood cells that differentiate into macrophages are known as: (Points : 2)
Monocytes
Neutrophils
Eosinophils
Basophils

Question 15.15.Chvostek and Trousseau signs indicate which electrolyte imbalance? (Points : 2)
Hypokalemia
Hyperkalemia
Hypocalcemia
Hypercalcemia

Question 16.16.On average, what percent of cardiac output do the kidneys receive? (Points : 2)
10% to 20%
15% to 20%
20% to 25%
30% to 35%

Question 17.17.Children with phenylketonuria (PKU) are unable to synthesize: (Points : 2)
Essential amino acid, phenylalanine, to tyrosine
Renin, erythropoietin, and antidiuretic hormone
Aldosterone, cortisol, and androgens
Neurotransmitters gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and acetylcholine

Question 18.18.What is the chance with each pregnancy that a child born to two parents with the sickle trait will have sickle cell disease (SCD)? (Points : 2)
20%
25%
33%
50%

Question 19.19.In a full-term infant, the normal erythrocyte life span is _____ days, whereas the adult erythrocyte life span is _____ days. (Points : 2)
30 to 50; 80
60 to 80; 120
90 to 110; 140
120 to 130; 150

Question 20.20.Which statement accurately describes childhood asthma? (Points : 2)
An obstructive airway disease characterized by reversible airflow obstruction, bronchial hyperreactivity, and inflammation
A pulmonary disease characterized by severe hypoxemia, decreased pulmonary compliance, and diffuse densities on chest x-ray imaging
A pulmonary disorder involving an abnormal expression of a protein, producing viscous mucus that lines the airways, pancreas, sweat ducts, and vas deferens
An obstructive airway disease characterized by atelectasis and increased pulmonary resistance as a result of a surfactant deficiency

Question 21.21.Where are Langerhans cells found? (Points : 2)
Skin
Intestinal lining
Kidney
Thyroid

Question 22.22.The tonic neck reflex observed in a newborn should no longer be obtainable by: (Points : 2)
2 years
1 year
10 months
5 months

Question 23.23.Which of the following causes condylomata acuminata or genital warts? (Points : 2)
Chlamydia
Adenovirus
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1)

Question 24.24.Which normal physiologic change occurs in the aging pulmonary system? (Points : 2)
Decreased flow resistance
Fewer alveoli
Stiffening of the chest wall
Improved elastic recoil

Question 25.25.What is the most commonly reported symptom of cancer treatment? (Points : 2)
Nausea
Fatigue
Hair loss
Weight loss

Question 26.26.What is the major virus involved in the development of cervical cancer? (Points : 2)
Herpes simplex virus type 6
Herpes simplex virus type 2
Human papillomavirus
Human immunodeficiency virus

Question 27.27.Aspiration is most likely to occur in the right mainstem bronchus because it: (Points : 2)
Extends vertically from the trachea.
Is narrower than the left mainstem bronchus.
Comes into contact with food and drink first.
Is located at the site where the bronchi bifurcate.

Question 28.28.Continued therapy of pernicious anemia (PA) generally lasts how long? (Points : 2)
6 to 8 weeks
8 to 12 months
Until the iron level is normal
The rest of one’s life

Question 29.29.Stress-induced norepinephrine results in: (Points : 2)
Pupil constriction
Peripheral vasoconstriction
Increased sweat gland secretions
Decreased blood pressure

Question 30.30.Which of the following are formed elements of the blood that are not cells but are disk-shaped cytoplasmic fragments essential for blood clotting? (Points : 2)
Monocytes
Platelets
Macrophages
Erythrocytes

Question 31.31.Which statement is true regarding maternal antibodies provided to the neonate? (Points : 2)
The antibodies enter into the fetal circulation by means of active transport.
The antibodies are transferred to the fetus via the lymphatic system.
The antibodies are directly related to the mother’s nutritional intake.
The antibodies reach protective levels after approximately 6 months of age.

Question 32.32.What type of immunity is produced when an immunoglobulin crosses the placenta? (Points : 2)
Passive-acquired immunity
Active-acquired immunity
Passive-innate immunity
Active-innate immunity

Question 33.33.Which immunoglobulin is present in blood, saliva, breast milk, and respiratory secretions? (Points : 2)
IgA
IgE
IgG
IgM

Question 34.34.What local complication of a gonococcal infection is diagnosed in approximately 10% of affected women? (Points : 2)
Acute salpingitis
Cystitis
Vaginitis
Cervicitis

Question 35.35.Kidney stones in the upper part of the ureter would produce pain referred to which anatomical area? (Points : 2)
Vulva or penis
Umbilicus
Thighs
Lower abdomen

Question 36.36.Which renal change is found in older adults? (Points : 2)
Sharp decline in glomerular filtration rate
Sharp decline in renal blood flow
Decrease in the number of nephrons
Decrease in urine output

Question 37.37.The function of the tumor cell marker is to: (Points : 2)
Provide a definitive diagnosis of cancer.
Treat certain types of cancer.
Predict where cancers will develop.
Screen individuals at high risk for cancer.

Question 38.38.Which type of anemia occurs as a result of thalassemia? (Points : 2)
Microcytic, hypochromic
Microcytic, normochromic
Macrocytic, hyperchromic
Macrocytic, normochromic

Question 39.39.Which chamber of the heart endures the highest pressures? (Points : 2)
Right atrium
Left atrium
Left ventricle
Right ventricle

Question 40.40.Which cancer originates from connective tissue? (Points : 2)
Osteogenic sarcoma
Basal cell carcinoma
Multiple myeloma
Adenocarcinoma

Question 41.41.Cystic fibrosis is caused by which process? (Points : 2)
Autosomal recessive inheritance
Autosomal dominant inheritance
Infection
Malignancy

Question 42.42.Which disease is an example of a rickettsial infection? (Points : 2)
Cholera
Candida
Sleeping sickness
Rocky Mountain spotted fever

Question 43.43.Stress-induced sympathetic stimulation of the adrenal medulla causes the secretion of: (Points : 2)
Epinephrine and aldosterone
Norepinephrine and cortisol
Epinephrine and norepinephrine
Acetylcholine and cortisol

Question 44.44.Where are alveolar macrophages found? (Points : 2)
Skin
Breasts
Gastrointestinal tract
Lungs

Question 45.45.Which type of croup is most common? (Points : 2)
Bacterial
Viral
Fungal
Autoimmune

Question 46.46.Which hormone prompts increased anxiety, vigilance, and arousal during a stress response? (Points : 2)
Norepinephrine
Epinephrine
Cortisol
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Question 47.47.Which organism is responsible for the development of syphilis? (Points : 2)
Neisseria syphilis
Treponema pallidum
Haemophilus ducreyi
Chlamydia trachomatis

Question 48.48.What is the function of erythrocytes? (Points : 2)
Tissue oxygenation
Hemostasis
Infection control
Allergy response

Question 49.49.Which statement is true regarding pain and cancer? (Points : 2)
Pain is primarily a result of pressure caused by the tumor.
Pain indicates the metastasis of a cancer.
Pain is usually the initial symptom of cancer.
Pain is generally associated with late-stage cancer.

Question 50.50.Hemophilia B is caused by a deficiency of which clotting factor? (Points : 2)
V
VIII
IX
X

Question 51.51.Consanguinity refers to the mating of persons: (Points : 2)
Who are unrelated
When one has an autosomal dominant disorder
Having common family relations
When one has a chromosomal abnormality

Question 52.52.Which hormone is linked to an increase in appetite during puberty? (Points : 2)
Inhibin
Leptin
Activin
Follistatin

Question 53.53.Obesity acts as an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus by: (Points : 2)
Reducing the amount of insulin the pancreas produces
Increasing the resistance to insulin by cells
Obstructing the outflow of insulin from the pancreas
Stimulating the liver to increase glucose production

Question 54.54.What is the cause of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH)? (Points : 2)
Diet high in saturated fats
Increased production of cholesterol by the liver
Reduction in the number of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors on cell surfaces
Abnormal function of lipoprotein receptors circulating in the blood

Question 55.55.The absence of which major hormone is a determinant of sexual differentiation (wolffian system) in utero? (Points : 2)
Estrogen
Progesterone
Growth hormone
Testosterone

Question 56.56.Saliva contains which immunoglobulin (Ig)? (Points : 2)
IgA
IgE
IgG
IgM

Question 57.57.What term describes the loss of the comprehension or production of language? (Points : 2)
Agnosia
Aphasia
Akinesia
Dysphasia

Question 58.58.Congenital aganglionic megacolon (Hirschsprung disease) involves inadequate motility of the colon caused by neural malformation of which nervous system? (Points : 2)
Central
Parasympathetic
Sympathetic
Somatic

Question 59.59.An infant suddenly develops abdominal pain, becomes irritable (colicky), and draws up the knees. Vomiting occurs soon afterward. The mother reports that the infant passed a normal stool, followed by one that looked like currant jelly. Based on these data, which disorder does the nurse suspect? (Points : 2)
Congenital aganglionic megacolon
Intussusception
Malrotation
Volvulus

Question 60.60.Regarding type 2 diabetes, obesity is considered to be what type of risk? (Points : 2)
Genetic
Empirical
Relative
Modifiable

Question 61.61.An amniocentesis indicates a neural tube defect when an increase in which protein is evident? (Points : 2)
Chorionic
Alpha fetoprotein
Amniotic
Embryonic

Question 62.62.The portion of the pituitary that secretes oxytocin is: (Points : 2)
Posterior
Inferior
Anterior
Superior

Question 63.63.Persistent symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include: (Points : 2)
Depression
Hypertension
Nightmares
Poor nutrition

Question 64.64.Which type of diarrhea results from lactose intolerance? (Points : 2)
Secretory
Motility
Osmotic
Small volume

Question 65.65.Which gastric cells secrete hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor? (Points : 2)
Parietal
Chief
G
H

Question 66.66.The major sleep center is located in which section of the brain? (Points : 2)
Thalamus
Brainstem
Frontal lobe
Hypothalamus

Question 67.67.Which type of fracture usually occurs in an individual who engages in a new activity that is strenuous and repetitive? (Points : 2)
Stress
Greenstick
Insufficiency
Pathologic

Question 68.68.Which term is used to describe an intestinal obstruction caused by the invagination of the ileum into the cecum and part of the ascending colon by collapsing through the ileocecal valve? (Points : 2)
Congenital aganglionic megacolon
Malrotation
Intussusception
Volvulus

Question 69.69.What is the function of the mucus secreted by the Bartholin glands? (Points : 2)
Enhancement of the motility of sperm
Lubrication of the urinary meatus and vestibule
Maintenance of an acid-base balance to discourage proliferation of pathogenic bacteria
Enhancement of the size of the penis during intercourse

Question 70.70.At 2 or 3 weeks of age, an infant who has been well fed and has gained weight begins to vomit for no apparent reason. The vomiting gradually becomes more forceful. These symptoms may be indicative of which disorder? (Points : 2)
Esophageal atresia
Congenital aganglionic megacolon
Pyloric stenosis
Galactosemia

Question 71.71.Insulin transports which electrolyte in the cell? (Points : 2)
Potassium
Calcium
Sodium
Phosphorus

Question 72.72.Clinical manifestations of Parkinson disease are caused by a deficit in which of the brain’s neurotransmitters? (Points : 2)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid
Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Acetylcholine

Question 73.73.The presence of a zygote having one chromosome with the normal complement of genes and one with a missing gene is characteristic of which genetic disorder? (Points : 2)
Cri du chat
Down syndrome
Klinefelter syndrome
Turner syndrome

Question 74.74.The tear in a ligament is referred to as a: (Points : 2)
Fracture
Strain
Disunion
Sprain

Question 75.75.What syndrome, characterized by an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome, exhibits features that include a short stature, widely spaced nipples, and webbed neck? (Points : 2)
Down
Cri du chat
Turner
Klinefelter

Question 76.76.Which risk factor for hypertension is influenced by genetic factors and lifestyle? (Points : 2)
Sodium intake
Physical inactivity
Psychosocial stress
Obesity

Question 77.77.Which medical diagnosis is characterized by tissue degeneration or irritation of the extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon? (Points : 2)
Lateral epicondylitis
Medial tendinitis
Bursitis
Lateral tendinitis

Question 78.78.Loud snoring, a decrease in oxygen saturation, fragmented sleep, chronic daytime sleepiness, and fatigue are clinical manifestations of which sleep disorder? (Points : 2)
Obstructive sleep apnea
Upper airway resistance syndrome
Somnambulism
Narcolepsy

Question 79.79.Which four-step process correctly describes muscle contraction? (Points : 2)
Coupling, contraction, relaxation, excitation
Contraction, relaxation, excitation, coupling
Relaxation, excitation, coupling, contraction
Excitation, coupling, contraction, relaxation

Question 80.80.What term is used to identify the calcium crystals that are associated with chronic gout? (Points : 2)
Stones
Spurs
Tophi
Nodes

Question 81.81.Which substance is a water-soluble protein hormone? (Points : 2)
Thyroxine
Aldosterone
Follicle-stimulating hormone
Insulin

Question 82.82.What happens to the vagina’s lining at puberty? (Points : 2)
It becomes thinner.
It becomes thicker.
It assumes a neutral pH.
It undergoes atrophy.

Question 83.83.Why is prolonged diarrhea more severe in children than it is in adults? (Points : 2)
Less water is absorbed from the colon in children.
Fluid reserves are smaller in children.
Children have a higher fluid volume intake.
Children have diarrhea more often than adults.

Question 84.84.Pinkeye is characterized by inflammation of which structure? (Points : 2)
Eyelids
Sebaceous glands
Meibomian glands
Conjunctiva

Question 85.85.Which dietary lifestyle choice has been associated with a decreased risk for developing colon cancer? (Points : 2)
Increased consumption of dairy produces
Increased consumption of foods containing vitamin C
Decreased consumption of foods high in fat
Decreased consumption of artificial food coloring

Question 86.86.Having ejected a mature ovum, the ovarian follicle develops into a(n): (Points : 2)
Atretic follicle
Thecal follicle
Corpus luteum
Functional scar

Question 87.87.What is the term that denotes the duration of time or the intensity of pain that a person will endure before outwardly responding? (Points : 2)
Tolerance
Perception
Threshold
Dominance

Question 88.88.Where is oxytocin synthesized? (Points : 2)
Hypothalamus
Paraventricular nuclei
Anterior pituitary
Posterior pituitary

Question 89.89.Adoption studies have shown that the offspring of an alcoholic parent when raised by nonalcoholic parents have what amount of an increased risk of developing alcoholism? (Points : 2)
Twofold
Threefold
Fourfold
Tenfold

Question 90.90.A child with which genetic disorder has a characteristic cry? (Points : 2)
Down syndrome
Klinefelter syndrome
Turner syndrome
Cri du chat

Question 91.91.It is true that myasthenia gravis: (Points : 2)
Is an acute autoimmune disease.
Affects the nerve roots.
May result in adrenergic crisis.
Causes muscle weakness.

Question 92.92.Which of the following is a lipid-soluble hormone? (Points : 2)
Cortisol
Oxytocin
Epinephrine
Growth hormone

Question 93.93.Which pain theory proposes that a balance of impulses conducted from the spinal cord to the higher centers in the central nervous system (CNS) modulates the transmission of pain? (Points : 2)
GCT
Pattern theory
Specificity theory
Neuromatrix theory

Question 94.94.Which anatomic structure secretes follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)? (Points : 2)
Hypothalamus
Ovaries
Anterior pituitary
Adrenal cortex

Question 95.95.What is the most common malignant bone tumor diagnosed during childhood? (Points : 2)
Chondrosarcoma
Fibrosarcoma
Ewing Sarcoma
Osteosarcoma

Question 96.96.In scoliosis, curves in the thoracic spine greater than how many degrees result in decreased pulmonary function? (Points : 2)
40
50
60
80

Question 97.97.Which clinical manifestations would be expected for a child who has complete trisomy of the twenty-first chromosome? (Points : 2)
Widely spaced nipples, reduced carrying angle at the elbow, and sparse body hair
An IQ of 25 to 70, low nasal bridge, protruding tongue, and flat, low-set ears
High-pitched voice, tall stature, gynecomastia, and an IQ of 60 to 90
Circumoral cyanosis, edema of the feet, short stature, and mental slowness

Question 98.98.DNA formation occurs in which of the cell’s structures? (Points : 2)
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Membrane

Question 99.99.A complex partial seizure is described as: (Points : 2)
Alternating of tonic and clonic movements
Impairment of both consciousness and the ability to react to exogenous stimuli
Focal motor movement without loss of consciousness
One seizure followed by another in less than 1 minute

Question 100.100.Parkinson disease is a degenerative disorder of the brain’s: (Points : 2)
Hypothalamus
Anterior pituitary
Frontal lobe
Basal ganglia

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P6 – How are prices set for computer processor chips? At one time, the frequency was a good indicator of the processing speed; however, more recently manufacturers have developed alternative ways to deliver computing

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P6 – How are prices set for computer processor chips? At one time, the frequency was a good indicator of the processing speed; however, more recently manufacturers have developed alternative ways to deliver computing power because a high frequency tends to lead to overconsumption of power. Consider the multiple regression analysis in Table 12.5.2 to explain the price of eight chips from the two major manufacturers Intel (i3, i5, i7, i8) and AMD (Athlon and Phenom) based on their performance (as measured by the WorldBench score, where higher numbers are better), their frequency (gighertz, or billions of cycles per second), and their power consumption (when idling, in watts).

Approximately how much of the variation in price from one processor to another can be explained by the frequency, the power consumption, and the benchmark score?
Have frequency, power, and benchmark score taken together explained a significant proportion of the variability in price? How do you know?
Which, if any, of frequency, power, and benchmark score has a significant effect on price while controlling for the two others?
Find the predicted value of price and the residual value for the Phenom II X4 945 processor, given that its price is $140, its frequency is 3 gigahertz, its power is 98.1 watts, and its World Bench score is 110.
What exactly do the regression coefficient 22.80 for the World Bench benchmark test and its confidence interval tell you?
Approximately how accurately does the regression equation match the actual prices of these eight processor chips?
Write a paragraph summarizing what you can learn about the pricing structure of computer processors from this multiple regression analysis.

The Regression Equation is
Price= -1873-223.41 x (Frequency) + 2.37 x (Power) + 22.80 x (WorldBench)
S=99.827
R^2=94.3%
F=22.04
p=0.00598
Efect on
Price
95% Confidence Interval
Hypothesis Test
Variable Coef
From
To
Significant?
Constant
-1873
-3441
-305 Yes
Frequency
-223.41 -969.59
522.76 No
Power
2.37
-8.29
13.04 No
WorldBench
22.8
13.37
32.23 Yes StdErr of Coef t statistic
StdErr
t
565
-3.317
268.75
-0.831
3.84
0.618
3.4
6.713 p-value
p
0.029
0.453
0.57
0.003

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Which of the following statements best describes the concept of sampling risk? Question 1 options: The sample may not be representative of the population as a whole.

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Which of the following statements best describes the concept of sampling risk?

Question 1 options:

The sample may not be representative of the population as a whole.

An auditor may select inappropriate audit procedures when testing the sampled items.

Errors in the sampled documents may not be recognized by the auditor.

The client may not be able to produce the documents related to the sampled items.

Question 2

An auditor used statistical sampling when performing a substantive test of details during an audit. The results of the tests supported the conclusion that the account balance was materially misstated. The balance in the account was, in fact, not materially misstated. This is an example of the risk of

Question 2 options:

incorrect rejection

incorrect acceptance

assessing control risk too high

assessing control risk too low.

Question 3

If all other factors remain unchanged in a test of controls, an increase in the tolerable error rate will have what effect on the sample size under statistical sampling?

Question 3 options:

Increase the sample size

Decrease the sample size

Have no effect on the sample size

Question 4

The expected deviation rate exceeds the tolerable deviation rate in a financial statement audit. The auditor would most likely

Question 4 options:

increase the sample size

set control risk at maximum and not test the control

test the control to determine the control risk

Question 5

The auditor selected 25 receiving reports to test for the receiving clerk’s signature of approval. One of the receiving reports can not be found. The auditor should:

Question 5 options:

evaluate the sample based on the 24 tested reports

treat the missing report as a deviation (i.e. assume the report was NOT properly approved).

treat the missing report as if it was similar to the other tested reports.

choose another receiving report as a replacement.

Question 6

Match the substantive audit procedure to the assertion being tested. (More than one audit procedure can be used to test the same assertion.) The procedures all relate to the sales cycle.

Question 6 options:

Select a sample of invoices issued during the last 5 days of the year and agree the invoices to the packing slip as to date, description, and quantity.

Review the accounts receivable aging report and discuss balances over 90 days past due with the accounting manager.

Select a sample invoices issued during the first 5 days after year end and agree the invoices to the packing slip as to date, description, and quantity.

Review loan agreements to determine whether receivables are pledged as security.

Obtain a listing of revenues (by customer) for the year. Determine whether sales to any customers represent more than 5% of total sales for the year.

1.Existence/Occurence.

2.Completeness

3.Valuation

4. Presentation/Disclosure

5.Rights/Obligations

Question 7

Which of the following steps should be performed by the auditor as part of the accounts receivable confirmation process? (Select all that apply.)

Question 7 options:

Select the customers to be confirmed.

Prepare the confirmation letters.

Sign the confirmation letters

Mail the confirmations

Receive the confirmation responses

Question 8

Which of the following customer responses to an accounts receivable confirmation would cause an auditor the most concern? (The balance sheet date is December 31.)

Question 8 options:

We sent the check on December 30th.

We didn’t receive the products until January 2nd.

We returned the items on December 1st.

The balance stated doesn’t include the early payment discount we plan to take when we pay the bill on January 3rd.

Question 9

Match the question on the internal control questionnaire for the acquisition cycle to the appropriate assertion.

Question 9 options:

Are vendor invoices matched to purchase orders and receiving reports before being entered into the system?

Are vendor statements reconciled to accounts payable ledgers?

Are unmatched receiving reports reviewed periodically?

1.Occurence/Existence

2. Completeness

3. Valuation

4. Presentation/Disclosure

Question 10

Which of the following procedures would not be effective for testing accounts payable at 12/31, the balance sheet date?

Question 10 options:

Reviewing payments made to vendors in the first two weeks of January.

Reviewing payments made to vendors in the last two weeks of December.

Reviewing vendor invoices recorded in the first two weeks of January.

Reviewing open purchase orders (purchase orders not yet matched to a vendor invoice).

Question 11

The balance in A/P at year end was reported by the client as $1,500,000. The auditor decided to send confirmations to vendors as follows:

1. Confirmations were sent to all vendors with balances greater than $50,000 for a total of $200,000. No misstatements were found.

2. Of the remaining $1,300,000 in A/P, the auditor selected 20 vendor balances (totaling $400,000) to confirm. Misstatements of $3,000 were found in the sampled population.

Calculate the projected misstatement in A/P. (Use commas, no decimals, no $ sign.)

Question 11 options:

Question 12

As part of the audit of property, plant, and equipment, the auditor selected a number of additions to review. One of the invoices selected was issued by the vendor for the cost to repair some factory equipment. Based solely on this test, the auditor can conclude that ____________.

Question 12 options:

Property, Plant, and Equipment is fairly stated.

Property, Plant, and Equipment is overstated.

Property, Plant, and Equipment is understated.

Repairs expense is overstated.

Question 13

The audit client wrote a check two days before year end. The check was not recorded. This would most likely be discovered by the auditor when the ______.

Question 13 options:

check register for the last month of the year is reviewed

cutoff bank statement is reconciled to the bank reconciliation

bank confirmation is reviewd

when the auditor performs a search for unrecorded liabilities.

Question 14

Substantive procedures for cash would not include: (options below)

Request a cutoff bank statement be mailed to the auditor.

Prepare the bank reconciliation.

Review interbank transfers made during the period ten business days before and ten days after year-end.

Confirm the bank balance as of the balance sheet date with the bank.

Question 15

Which assertion is this audit procedure testing?

Select a sample of items on the final inventory listing. Agree the unit price to a vendor invoice and clerically check the final costed amount.

Question 15 (options below)

Existence

Completeness

Valuation

Rights and Obligations

Presentation and Disclosure

Question 16

Match the audit procedure performed during the observation of physical inventory to the assertion being tested. (options below)

Trace a sample of items in the finished goods warehouse to the count sheet as to quantity and description.

Trace a sample of items on the count sheet to the finished goods warehouse as to quantity and description.

1.Existence

2. Completeness

3. Valuation

Question 17

Substantive tests in the payroll cycle would most likely include all of the following procedures except:(options below)

Comparison of the ratio of payroll tax expense to salaries expense to prior years.

Recalculation of accrued payroll liabilities.

Tracing payments of federal and state payroll tax withholdings remitted in the subsequent period to the balance sheet amounts.

Tracing all paychecks issued during the year to timesheets.

Question 18

Which of the following would not be considered a major risk in the payroll cycle to the auditor of a manufacturing company? (options below)

Payments are made to fictitious employees.

Non-manufacturing labor is debited to Work In Process

A new manufacturing company opens locally and offers higher salaries to factory workers.

Payroll checks are distributed by the person responsible for creating the paychecks.

Question 19

Indicate whether the following statements are true or false. (HINT: To be true, it must always be true.) (options below)

Substantive analytical procedures could not be used in the audit or property, plant, and equipment.

Misstatements found in populations tested 100% must be extrapolated to the total account balance.

Statistical sampling is not required under generally accepted auditing standards.

Comparing budgeted sales to actual sales (by product) may provide evidence of slow-moving or obsolete inventory

Multiplying the balance in N/P at the balance sheet date by the client’s borrowing rate and comparing that amount to interest expense would provide strong evidence that all debt was properly recorded.

1. True

2. False

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DQ1 May I Call You? Congress enacted a restriction on telemarketing, known as the National Do-Not-Call list, which made it illegal for telemarketers to place unsolicited

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DQ1 May I Call You?

Congress enacted a restriction on telemarketing, known as the National Do-Not-Call list, which made it illegal for telemarketers to place unsolicited commercial calls to consumers. A consumer may register up to three residential phone numbers for the list. The Act does not prohibit calls from political campaigns and others seeking support for political candidates, nor calls from certain charities seeking donations. The Act provides for significant financial penalties imposed by the Federal Communications Commission on any telemarketer or company that violates the law. Some telemarketer organizations claim that the law is unconstitutional.

Congress also enacted the CAN SPAM Act, prohibiting certain kinds of spam e-mail nationwide. The CAN SPAM Act also states that, “This act supersedes any statute, regulation or rule of a state that expressly regulates the use of electronic mail to send commercial messages, except to the extent that the state rule prohibits deception in any portion of a commercial electronic mail message or information attached thereto.” Subsequently, California enacted a new anti-SPAM law that applies to spam e-mail either sent from a server in California or sent to a California e-mail address.

What constitutional law issues do these statutes raise, and who should prevail? How, specifically, should the courts resolve these constitutional issues according to the current state of the law? What substantial government interest is Congress attempting to protect with the National DNC List? Where is that found in U.S. Constitution? What other strategies could the government employ to reach the same result?

DQ2 A Sobering Lawsuit

Fun Products, Inc. is in the business of designing computer games. At the end of a particularly successful year, company management decided to throw a celebration party at which it would announce large bonuses for the entire workforce. The party was held in the banquet room of a local hotel, owned by the Milton Hotel chain, and was catered by the hotel, including an open bar for all guests. Employees were also invited to bring a spouse or significant other. A good time was had by all, but too much fun was had by a few, including Larry Lush, and his wife, Linda. Larry and Linda had attended other company functions at which alcohol was served, and had a reputation for drinking a bit too much.

The company offered a free taxi ride home to any employee who had a bit too much to drink, but Larry and Linda declined the free cab ride, and attempted to drive home in their own car. En route, Larry, who was driving, struck another vehicle, injuring Veronica, the driver of that car. Larry has limited assets, and his insurance had just expired, as well as his driver’s license. Veronica wants to sue Fun Products, Inc. and the Milton Hotel chain for her injuries, which include medical bills, lost wages, property repair costs (her car), and pain and suffering. She also wants to obtain a court order prohibiting Fun Products, Inc. from ever serving alcohol at a company function again.

Without trying to decide who will win if Veronica sues Fun Products, Inc. and the Milton Hotel chain, analyze the following. Who are the parties to this lawsuit, and what are they called (trial level and appeal level)? What types of law will Veronica’s lawsuit involve? What type of remedies is she seeking, and are these remedies (or some of them) appropriate to this type of case? What legal sources will the court consider in deciding if Fun Products, Inc. and the Milton Hotel chain (or either of them) are liable for Veronica’s injuries? What types of liability does Larry face as a result of this scenario? What burden of proof will apply? What issues in this dispute would a jury decide (if the case went to trial), and what issues would a judge decide? What if the person(s) with liability here doesn’t have the money to pay Veronica’s damages?

Week 2 discussion

DQ1 Wendy Wanderer

Derek Dirt operates a home-based business selling herbs and supplements. He frequently receives new samples and is constantly discarding unwanted samples, as well as packaging, old files, and other junk on a back yard trash heap that accumulates between trash pick-ups. Little Wendy Wanderer, age five, who lives next door, sees what, to her, promises to be a nice toy among Derek’s trash. Upon coming closer to the trash heap, Wendy is bitten by a rat. She screams and then faints. Her nearby mother calls an ambulance, which, on the way to the scene, jumps a curb and strikes Paul Pedestrian, seriously injuring him. Wendy requires a series of rabies shots. Except for some bad dreams, Wendy apparently recovers. Derek and Wendy are both citizens and residents of Ohio. Paul, who is a citizen and resident of Texas, was visiting friends in Ohio when the ambulance struck him.

Does Wendy have a solid basis for suing Derek for her injuries?

Who might be liable to Paul Pedestrian?

What types of damages could Wendy recover?

If Wendy sues Derek, in what state(s) could she sue, and in what court (federal or state) could she properly file the suit?

If Paul sues Derek, in what state(s) could he sue, and in what court (federal or state) could he properly file the suit?

DQ2 Bad Bar-B-Q

Over many years, Jake and Jo Bob built up a barbeque ribs business, Hambones, Inc., which caters picnics and parties and sells ribs and corn at county fairs. They have several creditors, including Sauce Supply and First State Bank.

Two years ago, in reliance on an audit of the company’s books prepared by Hambones, Inc.’s accounting firm, Able & Henderson, First State Bank made a loan to Hambones, Inc. It now appears that the audit failed to disclose financial improprieties in Hambones, Inc.’s maintenance of its books: Certain liabilities were being carried off the books, causing Hambones, Inc.’s bottom line to appear more favorable than it really was. The decision to carry the liabilities off the books was made by Jake and Jo Bob, but there is now an argument as to whether a more careful audit would have uncovered the liabilities. Jake told the accounting firm that the audit was being done at the bank’s request in order for the loan to be approved, and that it was really important that the company receive a clean bill of health from the audit. Able & Henderson didn’t want to lose Hambones, Inc. as a client.

Sauce Supply also knew that Hambones, Inc. had been audited and heard from Jake and Jo Bob that the auditors were very satisfied with Hambones, Inc.’s financial position. Jake gave Sauce Supply’s president, Sandy Saucy, a copy of the audit report. Able & Henderson had no knowledge of these statements, or that Sauce Supply had received a copy of the audit report.

What standard of care applies to Able & Henderson’s accounting work for Hambones, Inc.?

Does Able & Henderson face any negligence liability to First State Bank or Sauce Supply in a state that has adopted the Ultramares rule?

In a state that has adopted the Restatement rule?

In a state that has adopted the Reasonably Foreseeable User rule?

Week 3 discussion

DQ1 Fine Dining

You enter an expensive restaurant and are seated by the hostess. A waiter brings you plates, knives, forks, napkins, and other set-ups for dinner, including bread and butter and ice water, all of which you partly consume. When you read the menu, you realize that the prices far exceed what you can afford. You then make it clear that you do not intend to order a meal.

What type of contract (obligation) do you have, if any?

What factors and contractual elements will you consider in assessing whether a contract was formed?

What if, instead, you read the menu and place an order, but say nothing about agreement to pay. Is there a contract?

Also, assume there is fine print at the bottom of the menu that states: 20% gratuity charged. $20.00 cover charge per table.

If you ordered dinner but didn’t see the fine print, what is the effect?

Does this change in the facts alter your conclusion regarding the scenario above? Why or why not?

What key factors and elements are at play?

DQ2 Distant Deal Making

Maria, who lives in Seattle, sent Koji a letter via first class mail, stating, “Koji, I think your 2003 Ford SUV is worth $20,000. I will give you $20,000 cash for it.” Koji receives the letter, but believes his car isn’t worth more than $14,000 due to the manner in which he drives the vehicle and due to the weather in Florida where he resides.

Maria’s letter was mailed on Monday. When she didn’t hear from Koji by Wednesday, she sent an e-mail on Wednesday afternoon with the same message, and asked whether he received her letter. Koji received Maria’s letter on Wednesday, but did not receive the e-mail until Friday afternoon, due to server problems. In the meantime, Koji sent a fax late on Friday stating, “Are you sure you still want to buy my car for $20,000? I accept your offer.”

On Saturday, after some research, Maria decided the Ford SUV was not worth what she thought. To make certain Koji would know this fact, she sent Koji a letter via Federal Express stating, “Your SUV is not really worth $20,000.” On Monday morning, Koji received the Federal Express letter from Maria. Also on Monday morning, an hour later, Maria received Koji’s fax at work.

Has a contract been formed here? Why or why not?

Identify and explain the stages of contract formation as they occurred in this scenario and analyze them in this context from a contract formation standpoint.

Week 4 discussion

DQ1 Dream House

In a contract dated June 15, 2006, Bobby agrees to build your dream house on a lot you own near Naples, Florida. The contract price is $500,000. The house is to be completed and ready for occupancy by March 1, 2007. Bobby is paid a progress payment of $100,000, for labor and materials, in October, 2006. In November, 2006, a hurricane strikes the Naples area and floods the work site. Bobby claims he had completed 50% of the job before the hurricane struck. Thereafter, Bobby performs no further work and walks off the job.

On January 1, 2007, you declare Bobby to be in breach of contract and sign a contract with Sheila to complete the job for $350,000.

Was your contract with Bobby a unilateral or bilateral contract; if unilateral, at what time did Bobby substantially undertake performance?

What remedies and/or damages are available to you and to Bobby?

Since Sheila’s cost to complete the house is more than half the cost, who sees a loss from the hurricane?

DQ2 Nightmare House

After months of combing the real estate ads for a vacation property, you find an ad for a lovely Victorian cottage in a scenic small town about three hours away. After viewing the house, you decide it is the perfect weekend place; and amazingly, the price is in your budget. In fact, you’re amazed that the house is so affordable and has been on the market for a while. You sign a real estate purchase contract to buy the house from the current owners, who have lived there for over 20 years. You make the sale contingent upon an inspection of the property by a licensed construction engineer. The engineer inspects the house over the course of two days and gives the house a clean bill of health. You proceed to closing, and buy the house.

After moving in, you learn for the first time from the neighbors that many actively claim this house is possessed by poltergeists, which the prior residents of the house had reportedly seen. In fact, the house is listed in a national guide to haunted houses, and had previously been included in a walking tour of the town as the haunted house. A newspaper article once described it as a charming Victorian (with ghost). You now jump at every creak and noise the house makes. You want the seller of the house to take it back for failing to inform you that the house is haunted.

Do you have a good basis for rescinding the sale?

What duties will you claim were owed to you by the seller?

What responsibilities did you have as a buyer that may affect your ability to recover?

What damages can you claim stem from the alleged failure to disclose by the seller?

Week 5 discussion

DQ1 Battle of the Forms

Initial Text:Nellie Nimble, purchasing manager for Fast Color Paint Company, mailed a purchase order to AB Can Corporation for 100,000 cans of high-gloss white paint at $15 per gallon wholesale. The order form mailed by Nellie contained 17 printed conditions on its reverse side. The third condition stated: “Buyer may reject any defective goods within 30 days of delivery.”

The order form also stated that payment would be made as follows: 50% upon receipt of the goods, and 50% within 30 days of the receipt of goods. AB Can (the seller) sent a signed letter confirming the order, but the letter stated: “Any objection to goods shipped must be in writing within five (5) days of receipt of goods.” AB Can’s letter specified the same payment schedule as Fast Color’s purchase order, but stated, in addition, “Interest at the rate of 12% per year will be charged on late payments.” Fast Color’s purchase order said nothing about interest on late payments.

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Policy, Regulation, and Organizational Behavior Resources In this assignment, you will investigate your organization’s compliance rate with one specific core measure of your choice.

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Policy, Regulation, and Organizational Behavior
Resources

In this assignment, you will investigate your organization’s compliance rate with one specific core measure of your choice. You must be able to explain the financial implications associated with the measure, as well as its importance in terms of policy, regulation, and finance. This is another good opportunity to consult with a key stakeholder within the organization. Talking to someone who works closely with the organization’s finances can help you develop a deeper understanding of the financial aspects of compliance. You also need to suggest ways your organization can improve compliance and how you would implement changes and overcome obstacles.

This may seem like an enormous undertaking, but you should approach it as if you would present this information to your supervisor or manager. Keeping in mind that people in these positions do not have time to read a 10–12 page report, you would typically give them only an executive summary of your analyses and recommendations. That means that you will need to be very clear and very concise with the information you choose to include in the executive summary. Say as much as possible with as few words as possible. This component will measure your proficiency in Program Outcomes 4, 6, and 9:

Program Outcome 4: Policy, Finance, and Regulations: Understand the scope and role of policy, finance, and regulatory environments in relationship to individual and population outcomes.
Program Outcome 6: Organizational and Systems Management: Apply knowledge of organizational behavior, nursing theory, and systems (micro and macro) as appropriate for the scope and role of one’s own practice.
Program Outcome 9: Professional Role: Incorporate the qualities, skills, behaviors, and knowledge required to function as a patient advocate, practice high quality care, assess and evaluate patient outcomes, and provide leadership in improving care.

Assignment Description

For this assignment, you will write a 2–3-page executive summary that analyzes the financial and regulatory impact of organizational compliance with a specific core measure of your choice, and includes recommendations for improving performance on the measure.

Select a core measure and investigate your organization’s compliance rate with the measure. In your executive summary be sure to address the following:

Compare the compliance rates of your organization with other organizations.
Identify the financial implications associated with the measure.
Explain why the measure is important in terms of policy, regulation, and finance.
Describe changes that could be made that would improve compliance with the measure.
Identify the people who would be affected by the changes.
Outline a plan to implement the changes within the organization.
Identify obstacles you would expect to encounter.
Explain your strategies for overcoming obstacles.

You must still reference scholarly resources to support your work, but this is an executive summary; it should notbe formatted in APA style (you must include a title page reference page). It may be helpful for you to review the documents used in your organization. How do they look? What kind of language is used in memos? These can help guide your development of this executive summary. And certainly feel free to use bullet points as appropriate.

Requirements

The executive summary should be no more than 2–3 pages (not including title and reference page).
Include a title page and reference page.
At least 3 current scholarly or professional resources.
Times New Roman font, 12 pt.

You are required to submit your assignment to the Turnitin source matching tool. After receiving your Turnitin report make sure you submit Parts 1 and 2 in the assignment submission area. Submitting your assignment to Turnitin does not mean you have submitted the assignment to the instructor.

Read the Policy, Regulation, and Organizational Behavior Scoring Guide to see how you will be graded on this assignment.

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CMIS 320 Project 3 In this assignment you will perform the physical design and implementation using SQL Data Definition Language (DDL) and proceed with populating the Mom

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CMIS 320 Project 3

In this assignment you will perform the physical design and implementation using SQL Data Definition Language (DDL) and proceed with populating the Mom and Pop Johnson Video Store database via Data Manipulation Language (DML) SQL commands.

For each of the steps below you may create a separate SQL script file and SPOOL file or you may want to put the SPOOL output for several steps, from the same SQL script file, in the same file. Be sure your SPOOL file(s) contains your SQL statements along with the Oracle responses and/or displayed results. Do NOT submit your SQL script files. Only submit your output SPOOL files.

Assignment Details:

1) Create Oracle database tables using SQL Data Definition Language (DDL) for each table listed in the metadata of Assignment 1. You may need to use a combination of DROP TABLE, CREATE TABLE, and ALTER TABLE SQL statements. Make sure that entity and referential integrity are enforced by declaring a primary key for each table (these may be composite keys) and declaring all appropriate foreign keys. Your CREATE TABLE and ALTER TABLE statements (if desired) must show integrity constraints, as appropriate, for NOT NULL, UNIQUE, PRIMARY KEY, FOREIGN KEY, REFERENCES, and CHECK constraints. Be sure to save your SQL script file used to create these tables with a .sql extension and your output SPOOL file with a

.lst or .txt extension. You should rerun and test your SQL script file until it runs without any errors

(this is why you’ll want to include DROP TABLE statements). Submit your SPOOL file showing that all SQL in your SQL script file worked properly.

2) Populate each of your tables with at least five valid rows of data each and show the SQL INSERT statements as you executed them. Populate other tables in your database, as necessary, to satisfy referential integrity. Save your SQL script file and SPOOL file with the correct extensions. You should test and rerun your SQL script file until it runs without any error. Submit your SPOOL file showing that all SQL in your SQL script file worked properly.

3) Develop an SQL script file to perform the following queries and updates. You should test your SQL script file until it runs without any errors.

o Retrieve all of your customers’ names, account numbers, and addresses (street and zip code only), sorted by account number.

o Retrieve all of the videos rented in the last 30 days and sort in chronological rental date order.

o Produce a list of your distributors and all their information sorted in order by company

name.

o Update a customer name to change their maiden name to a married name. You can choose which row to update. Make sure that you use the primary key column in your WHERE clause to affect only a specific row. You may want to include a ROLLBACK

statement to undo your data update.

o Delete a customer from the database. You can choose which row to delete. Make sure that you use the primary key column in your WHERE clause to affect only a specific row. You may want to include a ROLLBACK statement to undo your data deletion.

Submit your SPOOL file(s) showing that all SQL in your SQL script file worked properly. Show the actual SQL statements executed and the results the SQL produced below the code by making sure that you have a SET ECHO STATEMENT in your SQL script file(s).

Do NOT submit your .sql SQL script files.

Grading rubric

Attribute

Meets

Does Not Meet Expectations

CREATE TABLE and

30 points

0 points

ALTER TABLE SQL

All SQL statements are

Many SQL statements fail due to syntax

statements

syntactically correct and

errors or SQL is missing

execute without error; all

integrity constraints are

properly declared;

INSERT SQL statements

25 points

0 points

All SQL statements are

Many SQL statements fail due to syntax

syntactically correct and

errors and/or integrity constraint violations

execute without error

or SQL is missing

SELECT SQL statements

20 points

0 points

All SQL statements are

Many SQL statements fail due to syntax

syntactically correct and

errors or SQL is missing

execute without error

UPDATE and DELETE

10 points

0 points

SQL statements

Statements execute without

Statements fail due to syntax or other errors

error based on primary key

column in WHERE clause

SQL script file and

15 points

0 points

SPOOL file

Demonstrates full ability to

Many errors setting up and using an SQL

create and use an Oracle SQL

script file with SPOOL file or no attempt

script file and output SPOOL

made at all

file

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Question Until 1677 and the creation of the Statute of Frauds in England, all contracts could be either written or oral and yet be equally binding on the parties. After 1677,

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Question
Until 1677 and the creation of the Statute of Frauds in England, all contracts could be either written or oral and yet be equally binding on the parties. After 1677, the law required certain types of contracts (such as contracts to buy or sell land) to be both made in writing and executed with the physical signatures of all of the parties involved. At any time thereafter, either party could challenge authenticity of the physical signature of his/her own handwriting or the handwriting of the other party. Recently, with the increase of eCommerce, electronic signature (non-physical) has become as equally binding as the physical signature with severe limitation allowed in challenging the authenticity. Has this developed out of necessity, or have we simply moved too far with the law accommodating the digital age?

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The formal study of probability began with questions regarding gambling and games of chance. The conventional analysis of gambling is based on the expected

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The formal study of probability began with questions regarding gambling and games of chance. The conventional analysis of gambling is based on the expected values of these games which is always negative for the player and positive for the casino house. The absolute values of the two are exactly the same. Therefore, what the player loses equals what the house wins (in the long run). If the expected value of a game for the player is 0, then the game is ‘fair’. Note that fair games would earn zero revenue for the casino, so casinos cannot afford to provide players with fair games! To earn revenue for the casino, games must be ‘unfair’, to the advantage of the house. The ‘unfairness’ of casino games is well-known to players. The players, however, knowingly play the ‘unfair’ games!

(Reference: http://www.casinosprofit.com/the-expected-value-of.html )

Consider the game of roulette, a well-known casino game. Originating in late seventeenth-century France, this game is typically played on a wheel with 38 slots numbered 00, 0, and 1 through 36, although not in sequence. The 00 and 0 slots are green, and all other slots alternate in color, black/red/black (and so on), enabling players to place wagers many different ways. The wheel is spun, then a ball is dropped onto the wheel and is equally likely to end up in any one of the 38 slots.

There are many ways to bet and the payoffs are different for different wagers. For example, to make a “straight” bet (payoff 35:1), the chip(s) will be placed in one of the numbered spaces on the game board, and if the ball ends up in that slot, the player wins $35 for every $1 wagered. Note that the game of roulette returns your initial bet to you if you win, so with this straight bet, a player who bets $1 will either have a gain of $35 or a loss of $1.

a) Marco decides to play roulette for the rest of the evening and repeatedly places a $1 wager on the number 22. What is the expected value of this game? (In other words, what is his expected net gain over many, many repeated plays?) Explain why this is an ‘unfair’ game.

b) Maxine is a little less adventurous and hopes to win more often (and lose less often) so she repeatedly places her $1 bet on red (which has more ways to win but a winning payoff of only 1:1, $1 won for every $1 bet). Should she expect to break even by playing this way since the payoff is 1:1? Does she have a 50/50 chance of winning each time the wheel is spun? What is the expected net gain? Explain.

c) Recall last week’s discussion on The Law of Averages vs. The Law of Large Numbers and combine that with the questions that you just answered. What do you think are some of the motivations behind gambling (that is, how do people justify gambling)?

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